Of these, 107 have been white males.
In July, President Trump introduced his nominee to succeed Justice Anthony Kennedy is Brett Kavanaugh, a choose on the US Court docket of Appeals. If confirmed, he could be the 108th — and would not shift the range of the present court docket.
This is how the demographics of the nation’s highest court docket have stacked up since its starting.
Of the 113 justices, 109 — or 96.5% — have been males.
Till 1981, each Supreme Court docket justice was male. However Ronald Reagan promised he’d put a lady on the court docket, and through his first 12 months in workplace he saved that promise by appointing Sandra Day O’Connor.
Earlier than that, presidents had appointed ladies to decrease courts, however nobody gave severe thought to placing one on the Supreme Court docket. President Harry Truman thought of nominating a lady, however justices on the time stated they “would inhibit their convention deliberations.”
Invoice Clinton made the second feminine appointment by nominating Ruth Bader Ginsburg in 1993.
And Barack Obama appointed Sonia Sotomayor in 2009, adopted by Elena Kagan a 12 months later.
Ginsburg, Sotomayor and Kagan all sit on the present court docket.
Three have been folks of coloration
Solely two African-American justices, Thurgood Marshall and Clarence Thomas, have served on the court docket to date.
The primary appointment — when Lyndon B. Johnson appointed Marshall — wasn’t till 1967. When Johnson introduced the nomination, he stated he thought it was the best factor to do and the best time to do it.
Thomas’s appointment occurred many years later, in 1991 beneath George H. W. Bush (the primary Bush).
Sotomayor, one of many 4 feminine justices, can also be the primary and solely Hispanic justice in historical past. (Some say Justice Benjamin Cardozo, who was Portuguese, was the primary Hispanic member, however he would not qualify beneath present census requirements.)
No justices to date have recognized as Asian, Native American or Pacific Islander.
7 p.c have been Jewish
We have by no means had a Jewish president, however eight Jewish justices have sat on the bench, together with present justices Ginsburg, Kagan and Stephen Breyer.
At its founding, the court docket was made up of just about solely Protestant members, and a majority of the 113 justices all through historical past have been Protestants.
The court docket immediately, which additionally has 5 Catholics, is extra various. Neil Gorsuch, who Trump nominated final January, was raised Catholic however now worships at an Episcopal church.
A lot of the US inhabitants is not Catholic or Jewish. Of those that are spiritual within the US, about 23% establish with one in every of these units of beliefs, in accordance with the Pew Analysis Heart.
There has by no means been a Muslim justice on the Supreme Court docket.
None have recognized as something apart from heterosexual
No previous or current justices have publicly recognized themselves as something apart from straight.
There have been speculations surrounding just a few former justices who have been lifelong bachelors, however there is no proof any of them have been homosexual.
Why having a various court docket issues
The Supreme Court docket has dominated on a various set of subjects and sees a wide selection of instances.
It is laid out choices that have an effect on many segments of the nation’s inhabitants, like whether or not colleges needs to be segregated, whether or not ladies can get abortions and if public lodging can refuse companies primarily based on spiritual beliefs.
The court docket has heard instances that none of its members can immediately relate to. Obergefell v. Hodges, which legalized same-sex marriage, was determined by 9 justices, none of whom have recognized as homosexual.
In 2016, Sotomayor stated the court docket may use extra range.
“A distinct perspective can allow you to extra absolutely perceive the arguments which might be earlier than you and assist you articulate your place in a method that everybody will perceive,” she stated.