Of these, 108 have been White males.
The following justice might alter the range of the court docket. President Trump is anticipated to appoint a lady to succeed the late Supreme Courtroom Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg and has stated he’ll announce his alternative Saturday at 5 pm ET.
This is how the demographics of the nation’s highest court docket have stacked up since its starting.
Of the 114 justices, 110 — or 96.5% — have been males.
Till 1981, each Supreme Courtroom justice was male. However Ronald Reagan promised he’d put a lady on the court docket, and through his first yr in workplace he saved that promise by appointing Sandra Day O’Connor.
Earlier than that, presidents had appointed girls to decrease courts, however nobody gave severe thought to placing one on the Supreme Courtroom. President Harry Truman thought of nominating a lady, however justices on the time stated they “would inhibit their convention deliberations.”
Invoice Clinton made the second feminine appointment by nominating Ginsburg in 1993.
And Barack Obama appointed Sonia Sotomayor in 2009, adopted by Elena Kagan a yr later.
Sotomayor and Kagan stay on the present court docket — which has solely eight justices after Ginsburg’s loss of life final week.
Three have been folks of coloration
Solely two African-American justices, Thurgood Marshall and Clarence Thomas, have served on the court docket up to now.
The primary appointment — when Lyndon B. Johnson appointed Marshall — wasn’t till 1967. When Johnson introduced the nomination, he stated he thought it was the proper factor to do and the proper time to do it.
Thomas’s appointment occurred many years later, in 1991 below George H. W. Bush (the primary Bush).
Sotomayor, one of many 4 feminine justices, can also be the primary and solely Hispanic justice in historical past. (Some say Justice Benjamin Cardozo, who was Portuguese, was the primary Hispanic member, however he would not qualify below present census requirements.)
No justices up to now have recognized as Asian, Native American or Pacific Islander.
7 % have been Jewish
We have by no means had a Jewish president, however eight Jewish justices have sat on the bench, together with Ginsburg and present justices Kagan and Stephen Breyer.
At its founding, the court docket was made up of virtually fully Protestant members, and a majority of the 114 justices all through historical past have been Protestants.
The court docket as we speak, which additionally has 5 Catholics, is extra various. Neil Gorsuch, who Trump nominated in 2017, was raised Catholic however now worships at an Episcopal church.
Many of the US inhabitants is not Catholic or Jewish. Of those that are non secular within the US, about 23% establish with one among these units of beliefs, based on the Pew Analysis Middle.
There has by no means been a Muslim justice on the Supreme Courtroom.
None have recognized as something apart from heterosexual
No previous or current justices have publicly recognized themselves as something apart from straight.
There have been speculations surrounding a number of former justices who had been lifelong bachelors, however there is not any proof any of them had been homosexual.
Why having a various court docket issues
The Supreme Courtroom has dominated on a various set of subjects and sees a big selection of circumstances.
It is laid out selections that have an effect on many segments of the nation’s inhabitants, like whether or not faculties ought to be segregated, whether or not girls can get abortions and if public lodging can refuse companies based mostly on non secular beliefs.
The court docket has heard circumstances that none of its members can instantly relate to. Obergefell v. Hodges, which legalized same-sex marriage, was determined by 9 justices, none of whom recognized as homosexual.
In 2016, Sotomayor stated the court docket might use extra range.
“A distinct perspective can allow you to extra absolutely perceive the arguments which are earlier than you and enable you to articulate your place in a approach that everybody will perceive,” she stated.