Ronald Hepper's ID tag is pictured with a photo of the Vietnam veteran and Purple Heart recipient.

A Vietnam veteran’s canine tag was returned to his widow after an American discovered it in Russia


“He would have been thrilled,” Hepper, 71, instructed CNN. “He had as soon as stated to me that it will be attention-grabbing if he might ever discover them.”

Ronald Hepper, who was nicknamed “Cowboy” by his fellow troopers, volunteered for the draft after graduating highschool and served in Vietnam with the Military’s 196th Mild Infantry Brigade, in keeping with the assertion.

He stored a set of canine tags in his boots, which had been blown off his toes on June 11, 1969, by an exploding hand grenade, the assertion stated.

Gov. Doug Burgum presents Ronald Hepper's dog tag to his wife Ruth. They were joined by (from left) Maj. Gen. Al Dohrmann, Hepper's daughter Julie Hornbacher and her husband, Jim, and Ron Hepper's brother Stanley Hepper and his wife, Kathleen.

Hepper was airlifted to a hospital and when he awakened, he came upon his boots and the ID tags had been gone.
Docs had been in a position to save his shrapnel-filled legs, however he spent three months in an amputee ward, the assertion stated.

Hepper acquired the Purple Coronary heart for his accidents and have become a rancher in Isabel, South Dakota, after his service. He and Ruth had been married for 35 years and had three youngsters, she stated.

She stated he suffered from PTSD and did not actually speak a lot concerning the warfare or concerning the evening he was injured.

They’d moved to Bismarck earlier than he died in order that they may very well be nearer to their youngest daughter.

Their father's plane was shot down in WWII. This weekend they finally buried him

Hepper stated she’d searched on-line lists to see if anybody had discovered the tag, however by no means noticed his title.

How the tag obtained to Russia is a thriller, however an American purchased it from a Moscow road vendor and turned it in on the US embassy. It was then despatched to the US Division of Veterans Affairs, which contacted Burgum’s workplace, the assertion stated.

“We’re eternally grateful for the brave service and sacrifices made by Ron Hepper and all North Dakotans who proudly served their nation within the Vietnam Warfare, in addition to their households, particularly these whose family members by no means got here dwelling,” Burgum stated within the assertion. “Whereas we want we had been in a position to return these tags to Ron himself, we’re grateful for the chance and great honor to current this souvenir to Ruth on behalf of a grateful state and nation.”

Hepper stated she plans to cross the tag on to her son, who additionally has two boys.

She says she would not know something about the one that discovered it.

“I might like to know who discovered it in Russia and turned it in, however we do not know,” Hepper stated. “It is simply been very emotional and simply very touching that this all transpired the best way it did.”


NFL: Fritz Pollard’s pioneering function in American soccer historical past


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Fritz Pollard
Fritz Pollard was the primary black quarterback within the NFL – and its first black coach

Fritz Pollard Jr suffered from Alzheimer’s throughout the remaining years of his life, however simply earlier than he died there was a second of readability.

Together with his final phrases, spoken to his household in 2003, he stated: “Remember your quest.”

That quest had additionally been his personal – to get his father into the US Professional Soccer Corridor of Fame.

Some 27 years earlier than Jackie Robinson broke the color barrier in baseball, Fritz Pollard was the very best participant for the primary NFL champions in 1920.

In a decade throughout which tons of of African-People have been nonetheless being lynched, he was taking part in a ‘white man’s sport’ when the NFL was in its brutal infancy.

In 1921, Pollard turned the league’s first black coach and in 1923 its first black quarterback. But after he retired, the doorways he compelled open have been slammed shut by a ‘gentleman’s settlement’ that noticed African-People banned from 1934 till 1946.

By the point the NFL’s second black head coach was appointed in 1989, Pollard, who died in 1986, had lengthy been written out of the historical past books.

However his household’s quest lastly got here to fruition in 2005 when – two years after his son’s loss of life – Pollard was inducted into the Corridor of Fame.

Now, the ability of his legacy is rising by means of an organisation that bears his title. The Fritz Pollard Alliance was in 2016 one of many first to help Colin Kaepernick, one other black quarterback who has needed to anticipate the importance of his deeds to be acknowledged by his sport.

And but, nonetheless only a few NFL followers have even heard of Pollard. His is a narrative for too lengthy left untold.

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The Pollards have been well-known in Rogers Park, a suburb on the north aspect of Chicago. Pollard’s Barber Store was a preferred neighbourhood haunt and the Pollard boys performed soccer for hours within the native park. They have been the suburb’s solely black household.

Popping out of the Reconstruction period which adopted the American Civil Warfare, the Pollards wished to reside free from the racial oppression of segregation legal guidelines within the south and had moved from Oklahoma in 1886.

Mom Amanda was a revered seamstress whereas father John was a profitable businessman. After escaping slavery, he had fought for the Union throughout the Civil Warfare.

Born Frederick Douglass Pollard in 1894 – after the abolitionist chief Frederick Douglass – his nickname Fritz mirrored Rogers Park’s predominantly German make-up.

Throughout highschool Pollard was really a greater baseball participant, however he knew he would not have the ability to progress. At the moment, black gamers have been banned from the game. American soccer was totally different.

His three older brothers all performed the sport and felt black gamers might do effectively – in the event that they adhered to an unwritten code of conduct. They taught Fritz that he might by no means retaliate, regardless of the provocation he was positive to face.

Fritz was gifted with pace and elusiveness however he was small. When he started taking part in soccer aged 15 in 1909, he measured 4ft 11ins and weighed 89 kilos. His brothers determined they needed to toughen him up. They knew he’d be focused due to his measurement and pores and skin color.

Pollard, pictured circa 1919 in his kit to play a match
Pollard, pictured circa 1919 in his package to play a match

All eight of the Pollard youngsters graduated from highschool and excelled at athletics or music. The household had prospered. Their transfer north had paid off. Fritz, the standout achiever, earned a Rockefeller Scholarship at Brown College, an Ivy League college in Windfall, Rhode Island, on the USA’ east coast.

All the pieces he learnt from his brothers was about to be put to the take a look at.

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Pollard was one in every of solely two African-People at Brown in 1915 and the primary to reside on campus. When he confirmed up for soccer apply that September, not one of the gamers wished him on the staff.

One among his team-mates, Irving Fraser, later instructed Pollard’s biographer Jay Berry: “When he was tackled, they’d all pile on him and see if they might make him stop. However Fritz would rise up laughing and smiling each time. I by no means noticed him indignant.”

‘Bloody Wednesdays’ have been the scrimmages the place reserve gamers might problem starters for a spot on the staff. When an opposing linebacker greeted Pollard with a deeply offensive racial slur, he responded by waltzing previous him and into the tip zone. Pollard requested to run the play twice extra and scored two extra touchdowns.

“We higher let him play,” the linebacker instructed the coach.

Aged 21, Pollard was solely 5ft 8ins – small for soccer, even then. However the fleet-footed operating again shortly turned the staff’s star participant, dubbed ‘the human torpedo’ as a result of he ran so low to the turf. In his freshman yr, he was the one black participant within the Ivy League and Brown’s win over Yale noticed them earn an invitation to the Rose Bowl in January 1916.

A 1916 illustration describes scenes from a Brown-Harvard game in which Pollard played a key role
A 1916 illustration describes scenes from a Brown-Harvard sport wherein Pollard performed a key function

On the prepare out west to Los Angeles, even black porters refused to attend on him. The identical gamers that shunned Pollard 4 months earlier have been now bringing him meals. Additionally they threatened to not play when he was denied a room in LA. Finally the lodge relented.

For the sport at Yale, Pollard had been smuggled into the stadium by way of a separate gate. It was one in every of many measures he’d take to keep away from being focused, verbally and bodily, by followers and gamers alike, throughout the sport’s heartland of the American Northeast and Midwest.

Think about NFL stars of at the moment like Patrick Mahomes and Lamar Jackson having to reach moments earlier than kick-off and being pushed on to the sector. Generally Pollard’s staff stayed in centre-field at half-time slightly than run the gauntlet of going into the locker room.

The Yale supporters additionally turned ‘Bye Bye Blackbird’, a preferred tune of the day, right into a racially abusive anthem. Rival followers would taunt Pollard with it all through his profession. As he recalled the tune in his remaining interview with Berry earlier than his loss of life in 1986, tears rolled down his cheek.

However within the 1916 season, Brown beat Yale and Harvard on consecutive weekends. It was the primary time a staff had crushed them each in the identical season, and Pollard gained every sport virtually single-handedly. Brown completed with an 8-1 report, with their star participant chosen within the All-America staff.

Pollard left an enduring impression in Windfall. There are three awards in his title at Brown and within the 1970s, when his grandson Fritz III performed soccer there, a neighborhood store proprietor refused to take his cash and stated: “My father took me to see your grandfather play. It was the very best sport I would ever seen.”

Tutorial difficulties meant Pollard’s faculty profession was reduce quick. In 1917 he enlisted within the military, serving as a bodily director in Maryland whereas teaching on the all-black Lincoln College in Pennsylvania. He feared he had squandered any probability of taking part in skilled soccer.

Then got here a telegram that modified every thing.

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“They threw rocks at me and referred to as me all types of names. However I used to be there to play soccer. I needed to duck the rocks and the fellas attempting to harm me.”

The US summer season of 1919 was referred to as the Crimson Summer time. Race riots came about throughout the nation. Lots of of black individuals have been killed by white supremacists. Among the worst violence came about in Pollard’s residence city of Chicago.

Pollard himself was now within the manufacturing facility city of Akron, Ohio. The brand new proprietor of a staff there had acquired in contact with him. His skilled profession was lastly about to start.

At his first sport, he needed to dress within the proprietor’s cigar store and was abused by his personal staff’s followers. In his second, he confronted future Corridor of Famer Jim Thorpe.

As a local American, Thorpe had battled racial prejudice to develop into a multi-sport star, profitable golds in decathlon and pentathlon on the 1912 Olympics. But he welcomed Pollard with a extremely abusive racial slur, saying he was going to kill him. Pollard instructed him: “You may discover me down there in your finish zone.”

Pollard and Thorpe have been professional soccer’s highest-paid gamers, the principle points of interest. Nonetheless, many have been motivated to see them by the chance for abuse.

The 1920 Akron Pros team photo
The 1920 Akron Professionals staff picture – Pollard is on the right-hand finish of the entrance row

The next 1920 season was the primary for the American Skilled Soccer Affiliation – renamed the NFL in 1922 – and the Akron Professionals went undefeated, outscoring their opponents 151-7.

Pollard was the one Akron participant named within the All-Professional aspect, however when the staff acquired their championship trophy, he wasn’t invited. He was honoured as an alternative at a separate banquet held by a neighborhood black enterprise affiliation.

In 1921, Pollard was made player-coach and completed because the league’s high scorer. He might do every thing – he performed on offence and defence. In addition to being a operating again, he was a defensive again, receiver, kicker, punt returner and kick-off returner.

Then in November 1923, after switching groups, he performed a complete sport at quarterback for the Hammond Professionals. It could be virtually half a century till the NFL subsequent had a black beginning quarterback.

Fritz Pollard served as physical director of the YMCA unit at Camp Meade, Maryland in 1918.
Pollard served as bodily director of the YMCA unit at Camp Meade, Maryland in 1918

In his seven-year professional profession, Pollard performed for 4 NFL groups plus two in rival leagues in Pennsylvania. Segregation legal guidelines had been abolished within the northern states, however with many southerners migrating for work within the rubber factories of Ohio and the coal mines of Pennsylvania, he continued to expertise racial discrimination virtually all over the place he performed. As his staff returned from one sport in Gilberton, the prepare’s home windows have been shot out.

“You could not eat within the eating places or keep within the inns,” Pollard instructed the New York Instances in 1978.

“Hammond and Milwaukee have been unhealthy, however by no means as unhealthy as Akron. They’d some prejudiced individuals there. The opposing groups gave me hell too.”

Groups would take kick-offs quick, in order that Pollard might be gang-tackled as quickly as he acquired the ball. If the sector was a quagmire, his face can be held within the water.

However he combated such therapy with methods he discovered from his brothers. When returning kick-offs, he usually dived to the ground, leaving the tacklers to collide with one another, earlier than getting again to his ft to proceed operating. When he was tackled, he’d flip on to his again and pedal his ft within the air to cease opponents piling on to him.

Pollard ended his taking part in profession in 1926, aged 32. He continued to advertise the combination of extra black gamers. He coached and managed all-black groups in exhibition video games, giving them an opportunity to showcase their expertise.

By February 1933, there had been 13 black gamers within the NFL. Then a fateful assembly came about in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

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Fritz III says his grandfather felt there have been two the reason why he wasn’t voted into the Corridor of Fame throughout his lifetime: George Halas and George Preston Marshall.

Halas was concerned with the Chicago Bears from their creation in 1920 till his loss of life in 1983, first as a participant, then coach and staff proprietor.

Marshall was an avowed segregationist who owned the Washington soccer franchise from its inception in 1932 to his loss of life in 1969. He referred to as the staff Redskins in 1933, a racial slur that was solely dropped in July this yr amid mounting stress. A memorial for Marshall outdoors Washington’s stadium was eliminated in June, together with all different references to him, after it was spray-painted with the phrases “change the title”.

Each he and Halas have been at that assembly of staff house owners in 1933, when Marshall pitched the concept of banning black gamers. With the US within the depths of the Nice Melancholy and hundreds of thousands of white individuals unemployed, he argued that paying black males to play soccer can be unhealthy for enterprise.

Pollard felt Halas held a private grudge going again to after they have been highschool sports activities rivals in Chicago, and that he additionally performed a distinguished function within the ban being accredited.

For many years the staff house owners claimed there was no unwritten settlement. The NFL has now acknowledged it did exist.external-link

It did not finish till the Los Angeles Rams signed Kenny Washington in 1946, and the NFL wasn’t absolutely reintegrated till 1962. Marshall’s Washington staff was the final to signal a black participant – after the federal government threatened to revoke the staff’s lease on their publicly funded stadium if they didn’t.

Pollard turned the second African-American within the School Corridor of Fame in 1954. However when the Professional Soccer Corridor of Fame opened in 1963, he was not among the many constitution class of 17 inductees. 5 of the 11 males who had agreed to ban black gamers have been, nonetheless.

At the moment Pollard was 69 and the proprietor of a number of enterprise ventures. After his taking part in profession, he’d moved to New York with the Harlem Renaissance nonetheless in full swing and had develop into a expertise agent, reserving black entertainers for movies and white nightclubs. He opened the Solar Tan Studios, the place the likes of Duke Ellington and Nat King Cole rehearsed, and produced music movies referred to as ‘soundies’.

Fritz Pollard in top hat - Brown Digital Repository. Brown University Library
Pollard pictured circa 1960. He turned a profitable businessman following his taking part in profession

He based a newspaper, and arrange an funding fund and an organization buying and selling coal. He later labored as a tax and public relations guide.

“If anyone had the proper to be indignant about the way in which he was handled it was my grandfather, however he by no means confirmed it,” says Fritz III. “He at all times let his expertise on the sector, and his actions off it, outline who he was. That is one thing that was drummed into me.”

After Pollard, the second black beginning quarterback was Marlin Briscoe in 1968. His case is typical of a course of referred to as ‘racial stacking’ which nonetheless influences the variety of black head coaches we see at the moment. There have been 24 in complete, with three presently among the many 32 groups, regardless of about 70% of NFL gamers being from ethnic minorities.

Briscoe handed for 14 touchdowns in 1968 – nonetheless a Denver Broncos report for a rookie. But the subsequent summer season Denver held quarterback conferences with out him and he requested to be launched. He by no means performed quarterback once more.

“African-People have traditionally been drummed out of the quarterback place and shifted into extra ‘athletic’ positions like large receiver, defensive again or operating again,” says Professor N Jeremi Duru of American College in Washington DC, one of many main specialists in US sports activities legislation and discrimination.

“Offensive co-ordinators have a tendency to come back from quarterbacks, and head coaches from offensive co-ordinators, so the pipeline is skinny for African-People due to discrimination towards black gamers in so-called ‘considering’ positions.”

When the Los Angeles Raiders employed Artwork Shell as head coach in 1989, he was requested in a reside broadcast the way it felt to be the NFL’s first black coach.

“However I am not,” he stated. “The primary was Fritz Pollard.”

Fritz III remembers: “You might see all of the reporters going ‘who’s Fritz Pollard?’ They needed to reduce to a industrial after which my cellphone simply blew up with individuals saying ‘they’re speaking about your grandfather’.”

Pollard had died simply three years earlier than, on the age of 92, however so many individuals have been solely listening to his title for the primary time. It was time for his household to take up the story.

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Pollard’s son Fritz Jr competed on the 1936 Olympics in Nazi Germany, profitable a bronze medal within the 110m hurdles earlier than serving within the US military in World Warfare II. His grandson, Fritz III, turned a three-sport All-American in school.

As Fritz Jr handed down his assortment of memorabilia within the 1990s, Fritz III started contacting every member of the Corridor of Fame’s 48-person choice committee, stating his grandfather’s case for inclusion. They’d then confirm the knowledge.

Pollard, with cigar, pictured in 1950 with his son Fritz Jr.
Pollard, with cigar, pictured in 1950 together with his son Fritz Jr

“They could not discover something so I stated ‘you are wanting within the flawed papers’,” says Fritz III. “After I instructed them concerning the traditionally black newspapers, a man in Mississippi referred to as again and stated ‘do you know your grandfather averaged tons of of yards a sport?’ I stated ‘yeah, I do know, that is what I have been telling you’.”

Fritz III’s daughter Meredith Kaye Russell, born in 1988, additionally joined the trigger, serving to with analysis and performing as her father’s secretary.

“It was a literal combat,” she says. “My dad was a single dad or mum, and when he wasn’t working all of the hours he did it was cellphone name after cellphone name, assembly after assembly, attempting to get my great-grandfather’s title on the market.”

What additionally helped construct momentum was an advocacy group shaped in 2003 that champions variety and the hiring of NFL coaches, scouts and front-office workers from minority backgrounds. Fritz III gave his permission to call it the Fritz Pollard Alliance (FPA).

The FPA negotiated with the NFL to ascertain a rule requiring groups to interview at the very least one ethnic minority candidate for every head coach emptiness. It was named the Rooney Rule after Dan Rooney, former proprietor of the Pittsburgh Steelers, who on the time was chairman of the NFL’s variety committee.

Grandchildren Fritz III (left) and Steven Towns (right) pose with a bust of Pollard at his 2005 Hall of Fame induction
Grandchildren Fritz III and Steven Cities pose with a bust of Pollard at his 2005 Corridor of Fame induction

In 2020, there are three black coaches – the identical as when the rule was instituted. Because of this the FPA has lately been vocal in flagging potential violations of the rule whereas looking for to boost it. The rule now applies to common managers and co-ordinators too.

The FPA meets with the NFL formally twice a yr to debate proposals and collate a listing of certified minority candidates prepared for interview.

“The league was challenged with a report displaying that, primarily, African-People have been the final employed and first fired,” says Duru, who labored with the FPA from its inception.

“Now it is a wholesome engagement, an change of concepts and never at all times settlement, however general it is a working relationship with open strains of communication.”

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For Meredith, who teaches youngsters aged three to eight, Pollard’s legacy has an influence stretching past household and soccer.

“My college students know I get so mad at them in the event that they name themselves ‘silly’. In the event that they suppose they can not do one thing or belittle themselves. I cannot have that,” she says.

“It is a man who paved the way in which, who confirmed there may be hope. Do not let anybody inform you ‘no’. Preserve working, maintain going. It was actually vital to us as a household to get that recognized.

“Even when it helps only one particular person in the identical scenario as my great-grandfather, with the percentages stacked towards them, to persevere and make one thing of themselves, then it was price it.”


American Airways will lower 19,000 jobs as federal assist plans stall


CEO Doug Parker mentioned late Wednesday that the airline has no alternative however to chop these jobs after makes an attempt to get extra federal cash failed.

Earlier within the day, Parker was holding out hope that the job cuts is likely to be prevented if the airline noticed indicators that Congress and Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin would be capable to attain a deal. They had been contemplating a multi-trillion greenback stimulus bundle that would come with $25 billion in assist for the nation’s airways, however sources instructed CNN that an settlement wants extra time to win the assist it must cross.

“Sadly, there is no such thing as a assure that any of those efforts will come to fruition,” he wrote in a memo to employees.

Parker didn’t shut the door, although, on shortly recalling workers if a deal is reached within the coming days.

“In an effort to encourage cooperation and maintain hope alive for our workforce, I knowledgeable the Secretary that if these efforts to increase [federal support for airlines] are profitable over the following few days, we’ll reverse our furlough processes and recall any impacted workforce members,” he added within the memo.

The Covid-19 pandemic has precipitated air visitors to plunge, which has devastated the airline business. American misplaced $5 billion within the first half of this yr. Each different airline within the business has additionally misplaced cash. The losses are projected to proceed into 2021 if not past.

Lawmakers agreed to provide airways $25 billion in direct grants earlier this yr so long as they agreed to no involuntary job cuts by the tip of September.

However the probation on involuntary job cuts expires Thursday. And whereas seven airways — together with American — are ready to just accept one other spherical of loans that was additionally accredited earlier this yr, that assist doesn’t together with a prohibition on chopping jobs.

Even with the prohibition on job cuts, airways had been already taking measures to trim prices. They supplied voluntary buyout and early retirement packages that prompted practically 50,000 workers to go away the business.
Along with American, United Airways (UAL) has warned 12,000 workers that they’re vulnerable to job losses. Some 17,000 different workers all through the US airline business have been notified their jobs are additionally in danger.


Banned E-book Week 2020: Many banned books heart on LGBTQ tales, American Library Affiliation says


However an excessive amount of probably the most steadily challenged books of the final decade focus on LGBTQ characters and themes, an evaluation from the American Library Affiliation revealed.

On the highest 10 most challenged books of 2019 rankings, eight have been challenged due to LGBTQ content material. A number of of them centered on transgender characters, like “George,” a couple of fourth-grade trans lady, and “I Am Jazz,” an image e book about real-life activist Jazz Jennings, who transitioned at a younger age.

Others vary from classics like “The Coloration Purple,” which encompasses a lesbian relationship, to up to date comics geared toward grade schoolers like “Intercourse is a Humorous Phrase.”

Different steadily challenged books centered on Black characters, together with “The Hate U Give” by Angie Thomas, which facilities on police shootings and racism, and Toni Morrison’s “The Bluest Eye” and “Beloved.”
"Uncle Bobby's Wedding," a picture book designed to teach young children about same-sex relationships, ended up on the top 100 most frequently banned book list.

Deborah Caldwell-Stone, director of the ALA’s Workplace for Mental Freedom, informed CNN that her workplace has seen a “rising development” of censoring books that prominently characteristic LGBTQ characters.

“There are members of each group that want and needed these sources, that need to discover themselves mirrored of their library’s collections and packages,” she stated. “This permits them to know themselves on this planet and affirm their id.”

The risks of censoring LGBTQ tales

Henry Cody Miller, an assistant professor of English on the School of Brockport, State College of New York, wrote concerning the excessive variety of LGBTQ books for Instructing Tolerance Journal in 2019. Omitting narratives from colleges can perpetuate hurt, he stated.

“Framing a e book that options LGBTQ characters as ‘controversial’ locations the onus of battle on LGBTQ folks,” he wrote. “There may be nothing controversial or problematic about being a member of the LGBTQ group.”

After nationwide backlash, a school board rescinded its vote to scratch 5 books off high school curriculums

Books about numerous experiences are helpful for each reader, Caldwell-Stone stated.

“Books, novels, true tales and memoirs are methods of growing empathy for different folks and their lives,” she stated. “If we take that away from younger folks, we’re actually depriving them of alternatives to develop as people, to know the world.”

The variety of steadily challenged LGBTQ books, although, additionally alerts that books with these themes and characters are being revealed extra steadily and browse extra extensively.

But when a e book is censored by college officers, it is nearly unimaginable for a librarian or instructor to get that e book right into a pupil’s fingers, Caldwell-Stone stated. That is why Banned Books Week focuses on advocacy, too, and options talks with authors on entry to literature.

Caldwell-Stone stated it’s a necessity to champion the inclusion of numerous books in collections, even when these books do not align with one’s private views, “so that everybody can discover what they want within the library.”


Kevin Younger Named Director Of Nationwide Museum Of African American Historical past : NPR


Author Kevin Younger has been named The Nationwide Museum of African American Historical past and Tradition in Washington, D.C. “Having visited the museum myself with my household, I do know what a robust place it’s, reworking guests each in-person and on-line, and revealing the centrality of African American tradition to the American expertise,” Younger says.

Alan Karchmer/Nationwide Museum of African American Historical past and Tradition

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Alan Karchmer/Nationwide Museum of African American Historical past and Tradition

Author Kevin Younger has been named The Nationwide Museum of African American Historical past and Tradition in Washington, D.C. “Having visited the museum myself with my household, I do know what a robust place it’s, reworking guests each in-person and on-line, and revealing the centrality of African American tradition to the American expertise,” Younger says.

Alan Karchmer/Nationwide Museum of African American Historical past and Tradition

The Smithsonian has introduced that poet Kevin Younger would be the subsequent director of the Nationwide Museum of African American Historical past and Tradition. With greater than 37,000 objects, the NMAAHC in Washington, D.C., is the most important middle devoted to the African American expertise within the nation. Younger succeeds the museum’s founding director, Lonnie G. Bunch III, who was named Secretary of the Smithsonian in 2019.

Younger is at present director of the Schomburg Heart for Analysis in Black Tradition in New York Metropolis the place he has overseen such excessive profile acquisitions because the Harlem-based archives of Harry Belafonte, James Baldwin, Ruby Dee and Fred “Fab 5 Freddy” Brathwaite. Amongst Younger’s revealed works are 11 books of poetry together with Jelly Roll: A Blues which was a Nationwide Guide Award finalist. He’s at present the poetry editor at The New Yorker.

Opening the Smithsonian’s first, nationwide museum dedicated to African American historical past and tradition was a gargantuan, multi-year endeavor. Beneath Bunch’s management the museum raised $453 million {dollars} and, since its opening in September, 2016, it has attracted than 5 and a half million guests.

So can a poet deal with that form of dedication to donor courtship to not point out administrative paperwork? In keeping with the Smithsonian, in Younger’s 4 years on the Schomburg Heart, he raised $10 million in grants and donations and raised attendance by 40 %.

“Kevin will carry an thrilling mixture of scholarship, technological savvy and daring imaginative and prescient that builds on the foundational work of the many individuals who constructed the museum,” says Secretary Bunch in a press release. “As a poet, he understands how the museum fulfilled the desires of many People, and underneath his management the museum will form the hopes of future generations.”

Poet Kevin Younger speaks throughout the Celebration of the Lifetime of Toni Morrison on Nov. 21, 2019, in New York.

Mary Altaffer/AP

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Mary Altaffer/AP

Poet Kevin Younger speaks throughout the Celebration of the Lifetime of Toni Morrison on Nov. 21, 2019, in New York.

Mary Altaffer/AP

The artifacts in NMAAHC’s huge assortment span a number of generations of African American historical past and tradition: a cabin that housed enslaved individuals on Edisto Island, S.C., Harriet Tubman’s scarf and hymnal and Emmett Until’s casket.

In a press release, Younger says he seems to be ahead to main the museum. “Having visited the museum myself with my household, I do know what a robust place it’s, reworking guests each in-person and on-line, and revealing the centrality of African American tradition to the American expertise. I’m keen to interact additional instructions within the museum’s mission, embracing our digital current and future whereas furthering conversations round Black historical past, artwork, liberation and pleasure.”


On abortion, Amy Coney Barrett would not converse for American Christians (Opinion)


Conservative Christians are thrilled about Barrett’s nomination and the prospect it raises for them of overturning Roe v. Wade, however their views do not align with the fact of what many American Christians imagine. Barrett has referred to as abortion “at all times immoral” and voted in opposition to abortion rights as a federal appeals courtroom choose. She has solid doubt on stare decisis — the precept that justices ought to comply with authorized precedents set by earlier choices.
To date, the general public debate about religion and Barrett’s nomination has centered on her controversial 1998 regulation overview paper about Catholic judges recusing themselves from circumstances the place the regulation conflicts with the Catholic Church’s instructing. Whereas that is an essential subject, the dialogue has obscured a extra essential side of her nomination: how her excessive authorized views are rejected by American Christians general. Over the previous few many years, the loudest voices on the Christian proper have largely come to symbolize what it means to be a Christian in the USA, however they should not be allowed to distort the precise views of individuals within the pews. Because the 2016 election, progressive Christians are more and more stepping ahead to insist on being heard in our nationwide dialog.
Republican Sen. Josh Hawley of Missouri mentioned Trump’s decide should imagine Roe v. Wade was “wrongly determined” and that Barrett “meets that customary.” Marjorie Dannenfelser, a number one anti-abortion activist, mentioned Barrett is “the proper mixture of sensible jurist and a girl who brings the argument to the courtroom that’s probably the opposite to the views of the sitting ladies justices.”
The truth about what nearly all of American Christians imagine about reproductive well being care is much from how politicians and anti-abortion activists painting it. In keeping with Pew Analysis Heart, 59% of Christians don’t need the Supreme Courtroom to overturn Roe v Wade. Barrett’s fellow Catholics are a number of the most against her conservative imaginative and prescient for the Supreme Courtroom. They oppose overturning Roe v. Wade by a greater than 2-to-1 margin.
Amy Coney Barrett a perfect choice for half of America

Not solely do most American Christians not need to overturn Roe v. Wade, many Christian denominations are a part of the Non secular Coalition for Reproductive Selection, an advocacy group that helps abortion rights. “Most Christians are dedicated to upholding our God-given proper to bodily autonomy, together with our reproductive freedom, as important to the considerable life that Jesus proclaimed,” the Rev. Katey Zeh, the group’s CEO and a Baptist minister, advised me in response to Choose Barrett’s nomination to the Supreme Courtroom. “The political anti-abortion motion weaponizes Christianity and doesn’t worth life; it values the facility to regulate these dwelling on the margins, the very ones that Jesus calls us to middle.”

“What’s at stake with Roe v Wade is the suitable to bodily autonomy for all ladies, and whereas Choose Barrett might disagree theologically with Roe v Wade, the Structure doesn’t authorize her to legislate her spiritual beliefs,” the Rev. Traci Blackmon advised me in an electronic mail on Saturday. She’s the Affiliate Common Minister of Justice & Native Church Ministries on the United Church of Christ, one of many founding members of the Non secular Coalition for Reproductive Selection.

Abortion just isn’t the one situation the place Choose Barrett’s views battle with many American Christians. “Choose Barrett’s lengthy expressed desire of constitutional interpretation towards originalism is understandably a matter of concern for these of us not equitably included within the ethos of the unique doc,” Rev. Blackmon wrote in reference to Black Individuals, ladies, and different teams who had been denied equality below the Structure at our nation’s founding.
Probably the most stinging rebuke of her nomination up to now has come from Sister Simone Campbell, a number one voice for Catholics in Washington, DC. “I do know that Choose Barrett shares my religion, however her previous phrases and actions show that she doesn’t maintain all life to be sacred,” Campbell wrote in an announcement. “Catholics can’t help judges or politicians who blatantly ignore the breadth of Catholic Social Instructing on ladies’s rights, voting rights, immigrant’s rights, well being care, environmental protections, and a lot extra.” Of explicit concern is the Reasonably priced Care Act, which Sister Simone Campbell’s group NETWORK lobbied for intensely. Barrett has criticized a earlier Supreme Courtroom resolution to uphold the regulation and Democrats have made defending it a key a part of their opposition to her nomination.

All of this comes on prime of what Democrats are saying and plenty of Individuals imagine is an illegitimate course of to appoint Choose Barrett. “Having aggressively blocked the Supreme Courtroom nomination of Merrick Garland by former President Barack Obama, citing such nominations shouldn’t happen within the closing yr of a presidential time period, elected officers who lack the integrity to honor their very own acknowledged convictions have far graver implications than any appointment,” Rev. Blackmon advised me. Sister Simone Campbell referred to as the nomination a “crass partisan energy seize,” and “an insult to our democracy.”

If the Senate goes to go forward and think about Choose Barrett, we have to a minimum of be clear about what American Christians truly imagine. Amongst many different issues, the push to overturn Roe v. Wade on the coronary heart of this affirmation battle is deeply unpopular not just for Individuals usually but additionally for Christians.


Breonna Taylor protests: Anger erupts in American cities after charging resolution


Whereas many of the protests had been peaceable, police made arrests after destruction and assaults on regulation enforcement in a number of cities.

Police officers put a protester in the back of a van on Saturday in Louisville.
Protesters have been taking to the streets since Wednesday, the day the state legal professional normal introduced the Taylor resolution. On Saturday, police arrested 25 individuals on quite a lot of fees, together with rioting, curfew violations and theft.

Fires had been set, college home windows had been smashed, buildings had been tagged with graffiti and a automobile within the Spalding College car parking zone was set ablaze with fireworks inside, Louisville police mentioned.

Video from a Louisville police helicopter confirmed a fireplace burning on the street close to a church. Police additionally launched movies exhibiting shattered glass doorways and a closely broken gentle signal simply off the road.

New York

Black Lives Matter protesters in Brooklyn demand justice for Breonna Taylor on Saturday.
The New York Police Division arrested not less than a dozen protesters in Greenwich Village on Saturday, spokeswoman Denise Moroney mentioned.

Eight people acquired summonses for disorderly conduct, she mentioned.

The opposite 4 face fees together with resisting arrest, obstructing governmental administration, strolling on roadways and utilizing an “amplified sound machine” in a close-by park, she mentioned in an electronic mail.

One man stands charged with assaulting a police officer.

Orange County, California

A car drives through a crowd of people at a protest in Yorba Linda, California.
A 40-year-old lady was arrested and charged with tried homicide and assault after hitting two protesters with a automobile throughout an indication on Saturday in Yorba Linda, Orange County Sheriff’s Division spokeswoman Carrie Braun mentioned.

The protesters had been taken to a hospital with non-life-threatening accidents, she mentioned.

Bystander footage confirmed a white automobile cost by way of a clutch of protesters, knocking a few of them to the bottom, as a number of others gave chase. Motorbike police pulled over the driving force and police in tactical gear held again an offended crowd as the driving force was arrested, the video exhibits.

It isn’t clear what occurred earlier than the bystander’s recording.

Between 250 and 300 protesters from opposing teams had been marching across the metropolis when the incident occurred, Braun mentioned.

There have been stories of fights and other people utilizing pepper spray on one another, in addition to stories of individuals carrying firearms, she mentioned. After the sheriff’s division declared an illegal meeting, the teams dispersed, Braun mentioned.

Portland, Oregon

Protesters and police face off in Portland on Saturday night.
After a day of principally peaceable protests in Portland, the demonstrations turned violent as night time fell Saturday, prompting police to declare a downtown gathering illegal and make a number of arrests.

Antifa, Black Lives Matter and the Proud Boy, a right-wing group, all staged rallies at separate parks throughout the day Saturday, leading to a handful of disturbances. Police declared the daytime protests largely peaceable.

Round 8:30 p.m. (11:30 p.m. ET) Saturday, a number of hundred demonstrators converged throughout the road from the Multnomah County Justice Middle constructing that homes the Portland Police Bureau, and commenced blocking a close-by intersection, police say.

Skirmishes broke out with individuals throwing projectiles at police, who fired pepper balls on the crowd, based on CNN affiliate KATU. At one level throughout a site visitors cease close to the justice middle, police had been attacked with what they consider to be sling pictures and ball bearings, authorities mentioned. Police seized a can of bear spray and a tactical baton throughout one arrest, they mentioned.

Police declared an illegal meeting simply earlier than midnight, however the skirmishes continued, and officers made a number of arrests.


Police had to push back crowds so firefighters could douse blazes set around the city.
Police arrested 10 individuals after a bunch smashed home windows, began fires and threw fireworks at officers, Seattle police mentioned.

On Saturday night, some protesters “wound their manner by way of the town inflicting injury alongside the best way,” the Seattle Police Division tweeted.

Police mentioned they informed the group to disperse, however the group defied the order and as an alternative threw rocks, bottles and fireworks at officers.

Officers used blast balls to push the gang again, permitting the Seattle Fireplace Division entry to place the fires out, police mentioned.

“I wrestle with the truth that I too am offended about selections being made in our nation and all the things taking place, however how does smashing the home windows and looting your small minority owned enterprise who’s doing all the things to assist construct neighborhood, present a secure third house and be there for the individuals assist?” enterprise proprietor Shiva Hippely wrote in an Instagram submit exhibiting smashed home windows.

CNN’s Madeline Holcombe, Jenn Selva, Ganesh Setty, Alta Spells and Holly Yan contributed to this report.


Joe Montana: American soccer legend rescues grandchild from kidnapping try


Joe Montana (2018 picture)Picture copyright
Getty Photographs

American soccer legend Joe Montana and his spouse have rescued their nine-month-old grandchild from a kidnapping try, authorities say.

The Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Division mentioned the couple confronted a girl who had entered their home and grabbed the kid from a playpen.

After a “tussle”, officers mentioned the couple have been capable of retrieve the kid.

“Scary scenario, however grateful that everyone is doing nicely,” Corridor of Fame quarterback Joe Montana tweeted.

Montana, who’s now 64, spent most of his profession with the San Francisco 49ers and is extensively thought to be one of many best quarterbacks of all time.

Picture copyright
Getty Photographs

Picture caption

Montana was nicknamed the “Comeback Child” throughout his heyday within the 1980s


The 1918 flu hit Native American tribes onerous, simply as coronavirus has executed


The letter from the varsity was dated Oct. 29, 1918. It learn:

Through the scourge of Spanish Influenza from which your daughter Cecilia died I used to be so extraordinarily busy that it was inconceivable for me to inform you the particulars in reference to the dying of Cecilia.

This plague attacked this faculty on the 15th of October. It was introduced right here at first by new college students coming in and it unfold quickly till we had about 250 circumstances. Your complete faculty stopped its common actions and devoted itself completely to the care and nursing of the sick. Out of the 250 circumstances we misplaced a relatively few. Among the many quantity was your daughter.

Cecilia was one in every of hundreds of American Indians who died of the 1918 flu, which swept the world and killed upward of 50 million individuals. Just like the coronavirus, which has devastated Native American reservations and other people, the 1918 pandemic was lethal. However nobody is bound how lethal.

One Nationwide Institutes of Well being research mentioned at the least 3,200 American Indians died of the 1918 flu. One other rely places it at greater than 6,600. And one Navajo scholar mentioned simply her tribe alone misplaced roughly 3,400 tribal members — about 12 p.c of its inhabitants at the moment.

Alaska tribal villages had been hit particularly onerous.

On the Inupiat village of the Brevig Mission, 72 of 80 residents died, in line with NIH. One schoolteacher went to 10 distant Alaskan Native villages and wrote of how he discovered “three worn out completely; others common 85 p.c deaths. … Complete variety of deaths reported 750, most likely 25 p.c this quantity frozen to dying earlier than assist arrived.”

The instructor’s publish, went on, “Over 300 kids to be cared for, majority of whom are orphans.”

“Just about the entire components that made Native Individuals extraordinarily weak to the Spanish flu are nonetheless in place as we speak,” mentioned Benjamin R. Brady, a public well being professor on the College of Arizona who has studied the 1918 flu’s influence on American Indian communities. He cited poor housing, underlying well being points and lack of entry to medical doctors and hospitals.

Even earlier than the 1918 flu, American Indians had already suffered close to decimation from the collapse of the buffalo within the West and widespread outbreaks of smallpox, yellow fever, tuberculosis and trachoma — a extremely contagious eye an infection that results in blindness — plus horrific wars and being forcibly faraway from their homelands.

The inhabitants of American Indians in the USA had already plunged from 10 million to about 320,000 in 1918, in line with Mikaëla Adams, an affiliate professor of historical past on the College of Mississippi in Oxford who makes a speciality of Native American analysis.

“They had been in a interval of disaster and you then’ve acquired a pandemic taking place on prime of it,” mentioned Brenda Baby, an Ojibwe from the Purple Lake reservation in northern Minnesota who has studied the influence of the 1918 flu on her tribe.

The flu spared nearly no tribe, spreading from the Pacific Northwest to the Southwest, Midwest and Southeast.

One report from a federal fee on Indian affairs estimated that roughly 39,200 Native Individuals had been contaminated with the flu in an eight-month interval from the autumn of 1918 to the summer time of 1919.

Males becoming a member of the navy typically introduced it again to their reservations. American Indians engaged on constructing railroads within the Southwest acquired sick. Ships and mail carriers introduced the flu to very distant Alaskan villages.

Typically, a tribe’s “medication man” tending to the sick on a reservation unfold the illness. And youngsters attending underfunded and overcrowded boarding faculties caught the flu.

On the Haskell Institute in Lawrence, Kan., one of many largest federal Indian boarding faculties within the nation, greater than a 3rd of the scholar physique was hospitalized at one level in 1918 and 17 college students died.

The Potawatomi brothers ran away from Haskell through the outbreak. Their father, Jesse Wapp, wrote to Haskell’s faculty officers and reported that one of many boys died of pneumonia. His father wrote, “I ain’t gone ship Leo till he’s properly and the illness is over.

“I misplaced one boy and I hate to free one other.”

On the Chemawa Indian College, the place Cecilia went, Daisy Codding — a head nurse there — recorded 150 circumstances and 13 deaths.

The letter to Cecilia’s mom instructed of the situations on the Chemawa faculty:

Completely all the things attainable was executed in the way in which of medical care and nursing. The sick was by no means left alone for one minute, somebody was administering to their wants and taking care of them and I need you to really feel that on this illness that your daughter has had pretty much as good consideration as she presumably might have had in any hospital or dwelling.

I’ve spared neither expense nor time nor hassle. Though I really feel that we’ve executed simply in addition to might be executed. This illness which has taken hundreds upon hundreds all through the nation was no worse right here than elsewhere. It was not resulting from Chemawa or its location. It was a normal illness all over the place.

There have been grim tales of loss and sickness on many reservations.

Charles Canine with Horns, who was a Lakota and went to Fast Metropolis Indian College, recalled in a 1971 oral historical past how he skipped going to high school in 1918 as a result of so many in his household had been “in mattress,” sick with the flu.

At one level, two boys from his tribe had been “so unhealthy” with fever and headache and “nearly to die” that he went 15 miles from their dwelling to a publish workplace to name a village physician. The physician, he recalled, got here “over within the sled” throughout a river and gave them medication. He wasn’t positive what it was, however they lived.

Within the Southwest, the Navajo reservation was hit significantly onerous, very like it has been with the coronavirus pandemic.

“Babies and previous individuals had been the primary victims,” one dealer with the Navajo wrote, “however the flu performed no favorites and shortly the dying fee was simply as excessive among the many robust women and men.”

In his e book “White Man’s Drugs,” Robert Trennert described the situations at Pueblo Bonito on the Navajo reservation, the place “corpses had been left the place they lay and the unopened Shiprock hospital turned a morgue.”

Tall Girl, a Navajo who caught the flu however survived, recalled how her father helped look after others within the tribe, gathering vegetation and making medicines to be taken. He “butchered horses through the epidemic so the meat might be boiled and used as broth; the fats was blended in a therapeutic paste,” in line with a paper written by Brady.

Tall Girl’s father instructed her how “this sort of illness, this epidemic, had nothing to do with any of our ceremonies, not even the small ones.” One of the best factor individuals might do, her father mentioned, was to wish.

Navajo leaders mentioned that 100 years in the past, the tribe didn’t have sufficient sources to take care of such a widespread pandemic. However it has labored onerous to attempt to get a deal with on the excessive variety of coronavirus circumstances that hit in early spring on the reservation, which spans three states. Up to now week, the tribe has reported some days with no deaths.

“This can be a monster that has plagued our individuals,” Navajo Nation President Jonathan Nez mentioned of the coronavirus. “There have been monsters which have come to the Navajo Nation. That is a kind of modern-day monsters we’re preventing in opposition to. We do have the weapons to fight these and armor to assist us get by this.

“That’s the mind-set we’ve right here on Navajo,” Nez mentioned. “We’re overcomers. We’re resilient.”

In 1918, on the Chemawa Indian College the place Cecilia had contracted the flu and died, the letter ended this fashion, telling her grieving mom of how the varsity had recovered from the flu’s outbreak.

Now that the plague is over we’ve resumed our common faculty work. All the scholars we’ve now are properly and robust and getting alongside all proper.

Trusting that Cecilia’s physique reached you in good condition and sympathizing with you, I’m.

Harwood Corridor – superintendent


Rose Lavelle and Alex Morgan lead “American invasion” of English soccer


Tobin Heath and Christen Press are at Manchester United whereas Sam Mewis and Rose Lavelle joined Manchester Metropolis. In the meantime American striker Alex Morgan moved to Tottenham Hotspur from NWSL aspect Orlando Pleasure.

The “American Invasion” relies partly as a result of ongoing coronavirus pandemic as gamers search for constant enjoying time in gentle of what is taking place within the US.

“I feel clearly proper now there’s like lots of uncertainty, particularly within the US, simply with the worldwide pandemic, there’s lots of query marks,” Lavelle advised CNN Sport’s Amanda Davies.

“I feel on this league (WSL) there was much more certainty round it. And it is an excellent league. It is attracting lots of nice worldwide gamers and I feel for me, I simply felt prefer it was a very good alternative that I did not need to move up.”

Manchester CIty's Rose Lavelle, Sam Mewis and Janine Beckie in action during training at Manchester City.
Lavelle and Mewis aren’t the primary US gamers to swimsuit up for Manchester Metropolis within the WSL both. Striker Carli Lloyd signed for the Residents again in 2017.

“I am teammates with Carli Lloyd and he or she had been right here, and he or she simply spoke so extremely of it,” mentioned Lavelle.

“I simply felt prefer it was an atmosphere and a tradition that was actually going to assist push me and make me higher. I had at all times wished to expertise enjoying abroad sooner or later in my profession. I wasn’t certain precisely when that was, however England normally actually piqued my curiosity.”

And it isn’t simply People desirous to play within the WSL.

Amongst others, England star Lucy Bronze left girls’s powerhouse Lyon in France to signal with Manchester Metropolis and Danish worldwide Pernille Tougher moved from Wolfsburg to Chelsea.

“I feel it is rising high to backside too. It isn’t simply a few actually good groups. I feel you are seeing it is changing into far more aggressive and all groups are attracting good gamers. I feel it is simply going to make the league even stronger,” mentioned Lavelle.

When requested if the inflow of gamers to England may result in a shift in energy and when it comes to the ladies’s recreation away from North America, the US star mentioned she did not see it that approach.

“I feel the extra gamers which can be enjoying in numerous leagues, it is going to simply proceed to develop the sport as a complete.

“Clearly there’s that little bit of rivalry and also you need the US league to be the most effective, however I feel in the identical sense, the extra all of the leagues can develop on the earth, I feel it is good for girls’s soccer,” added Lavelle.

Manchester CIty's Rose Lavelle shields the ball in training.
READ: Germany and US main the way in which in essential interval for girls’s soccer

Transferring the game previous coronavirus

After Lavelle secured the trophy together with her mazy run and end in opposition to the Netherlands within the ultimate of the Girls’s World Cup in July 2019, the excitement and hype surrounding the ladies’s recreation was at peak ranges.
However the arrival of the coronavirus modified all of that. The dialog quickly shifted to monetary worries. And whereas that will nonetheless be an issue for plenty of golf equipment, Lavelle does not see the passion for the game waning.
The USWNT celebrates with the trophy after the France 2019 Womens World Cup football final match against the Netherlands.

“We had a lot momentum coming off the World Cup; everyone did. I feel there was a lot pleasure in regards to the girls’s recreation,” Lavelle mentioned.

“However I feel from my expertise, I performed within the NWSL event that we had in July, and there was an enormous following and TV numbers had been like greater than they’ve ever been.

“So I feel it is an excellent testomony that the thrill and hype across the lady’s recreation remains to be right here and it made it by means of the worldwide pandemic and it is going to hold getting higher.”

So what’s the final aim for Lavelle and her teammates this season? Silverware in fact. Requested what trophy she’d most prefer to win, Lavelle does not hesitate. It is the Champions League.

“I grew up watching Champions League and I really feel like I by no means thought it was a chance that I may very well be competing in Champions League myself,” Lavelle mentioned excitedly. “So it is actually cool to have this chance to try this.”

Earlier than she will hoist that trophy, although, she first should navigate the league matches. The WSL resumes on the primary weekend of October when Lavelle will go head-to-head together with her US teammate Morgan, as Spurs go to Manchester Metropolis.


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