In ‘Undaunted,’ Former CIA Chief John Brennan Says The Danger To U.S. Is At House : NPR


Former CIA Director John Brennan testifies on Capitol Hill in Washington, Tuesday, Might 23, 2017, earlier than the Home Intelligence Committee Russia Investigation Activity Pressure.

Pablo Martinez Monsivais/AP

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Pablo Martinez Monsivais/AP

Former CIA Director John Brennan testifies on Capitol Hill in Washington, Tuesday, Might 23, 2017, earlier than the Home Intelligence Committee Russia Investigation Activity Pressure.

Pablo Martinez Monsivais/AP

John Brennan stepped down as CIA director the very second Donald Trump was being sworn-in as president – midday on Jan. 20, 2017.

The following day, Trump visited CIA headquarters and spoke in regards to the dimension of his inauguration crowd whereas standing in entrance of the company’s Memorial Wall, that includes a star for every CIA worker killed within the line of responsibility.

Undaunted: My Battle Towards America’s Enemies, At House and Overseas, by John O. Brennan

Celadon Books

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Celadon Books

“I could not take it anymore. I felt bodily nauseated watching and listening to him,” Brennan writes in his new memoir Undaunted: My Battle Towards America’s Enemies, At House And Overseas. Brennan left house for the health club to blow off steam, solely to see Trump’s remarks repeated on the tv screens as he rode a stationary bike.

At some point out of workplace, and whereas nonetheless pedaling on the health club, Brennan texted a former aide with a public assertion: “Former Director Brennan is deeply saddened and angered at Donald Trump’s despicable show of self-aggrandizement in entrance of CIA’s Memorial Wall of company heroes. He ought to be ashamed of himself.”

Since then, Brennan has assailed Trump continuous on Twitter, cable TV, in newspaper op-eds and now in his e-book.

Gone are the times when nationwide safety chiefs quietly retired and maybe wrote a discreet e-book a number of years later recounting their years of service in understated tones. Nationwide safety leaders, together with former CIA administrators, are as outspoken as anybody within the post-9/11 period, and Brennan is probably the most outspoken of all.

In his personal phrases, Brennan is a hot-tempered, working-class, Irish-Catholic child from New Jersey. He by no means runs in need of vitriol, and whereas Trump is the primary goal, there are lots of extra. Brennan additionally takes swipes at his successor as CIA chief, Mike Pompeo, whom he describes as “placing loyalty to Donald Trump above dedication to nation.”

Brennan additionally notes that Pompeo did not invite him to the CIA Christmas social gathering.

Insider accounts

So Brennan dishes the gossip and affords sturdy, detailed, insider accounts of essential occasions, like how al-Qaida chief Osama bin Laden was tracked down and the way drone strikes have been carried out.

There are private revelations: Earlier than becoming a member of the CIA, he wore a diamond earring, smoked his share of cannabis in Cairo and voted for the Communist Celebration candidate for president, Gus Corridor, in 1976. He fancied himself a personality out of Simple Rider (Jack Nicholson? Peter Fonda? Dennis Hopper?) and rode his Yamaha motorbike to work in his early days on the company.

That is all great things. But one thing essential is lacking right here — the large image.

Brennan spent practically 30 years on the company, from entry-level trainee to director. There could also be no different American who held extra high-level nationwide safety positions throughout a very powerful occasions of the previous twenty years — the 9/11 assaults, the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, the Arab Spring, the rise of ISIS, and the Russia interference within the 2016 election.

But Brennan, who spent his early years as an intelligence analyst, offers comparatively little evaluation of how these dramas have reshaped U.S. nationwide safety and what lies forward.

What’s his takeaway from the lengthy wars within the Center East, the area he studied most intently? How ought to Washington deal with the continued provocations of Russian chief Vladimir Putin? How has the U.S. ready to cope with a rising China?

These elementary questions go unaddressed as Brennan opts for a small-bore strategy.

CIA interrogations

He does sort out robust points just like the CIA’s abusive therapy of al-Qaida suspects.

“I vividly keep in mind studying the sordid particulars for the primary time in August 2002, once I learn in regards to the interrogation and waterboarding of Abu Zubaydah,” writes Brennan, the company’s deputy government director on the time.

“The outline of the interrogation session was graphic and abdomen turning,” he provides. “It recounted the repeated waterboarding functions and the way Abu Zubaydah continuously gagged and threw up.”

Abu Zubaydah was the primary essential terror suspect detained after the 9/11 assaults, and was finally waterboarded 83 occasions. He is held at Guantanamo Bay and has but to go on trial.

Brennan stated after studying that first report, he walked to the CIA car parking zone and lit up a cigarette. “My God,” he thought, “what are we doing?”

He raised this with then CIA Director George Tenant that night, however did not press the problem. Brennan says he was indirectly concerned within the interrogation program, however chastises himself for not doing extra to cease it.

He would not sound keen on CIA Director Gina Haspel. He mentions that he handed Haspel over for a prime job when he was director, and says he was “very disillusioned” when she did not reply to his letter this previous January in search of entry to CIA data when writing his e-book.

Haspel, who has maintained an especially low profile, even by CIA requirements, is among the few senior nationwide safety figures who has remained in place for your entire Trump administration.

However Brennan would not say whether or not Haspel has been in a position to do her job successfully whereas coping with a president who has repeatedly ignored or rejected intelligence the company has introduced to him about Russia.

Brennan is a fan of Joe Biden: “I had a really shut relationship with him once I served on the White Home [as the counterrorism advisor] and as director of the CIA,” Brennan writes. “His huge expertise on nationwide safety points … made him one of the vital energetic individuals within the numerous conferences we attended collectively.”

Brennan is at his finest when he shares his entry to locations like Saudi Arabia, the place he was stationed twice and developed relationships with key figures within the authorities and the royal household. He confidently assesses that Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, generally known as MBS, was behind the killing of Washington Publish journalist and Saudi nationwide Jamal Kashoggi on the Saudi consulate in Istanbul, Turkey, in 2018:

“Primarily based on every part I’ve discovered over the previous forty years about Saudi intelligence and safety companies and the way in which the Saudi authorities operates, I’m sure that such an audacious operation occurring inside a Saudi diplomatic mission in opposition to a high-profile journalist working for a U.S. newspaper would have required the direct authorization of Saudi Arabia’s prime management. Nothing in King Salman’s background suggests he would have approved the homicide; MBS’s background does.”

However too usually he returns to inside-the-Beltway political battles and his now repetitive assaults on Trump. As he concludes:

“I sorely want that I had by no means felt compelled to talk out as vociferously as I’ve in opposition to a sitting president of the US. It has given me no pleasure to take action. However, so long as Mr. Trump continues to trample the tenets of our democracy, deceive the American individuals, denigrate the workplace of the presidency, endanger our nationwide safety, and sully our repute all over the world, I can’t relent in my criticism of him.”

That is the bottom he covers commonly in his tweets.

Greg Myre is an NPR nationwide safety correspondent. Comply with him @gregmyre1.


John Roberts faces a brand new spherical of legacy-defining turmoil


The 65-year-old Roberts would quickly be negotiating with a strong majority of 5 justices on his proper. The brand new courtroom make-up would enhance the probabilities of lopsided choices that belie Roberts’ assertion of an neutral judiciary.

With little aid from the coronavirus, which has now contaminated President Trump, the general public will witness how a sudden 6-3, conservative-liberal cut up impacts the constitutionality of Obamacare, scheduled for oral arguments one week after the election. Additionally pending are emergency filings associated to abortion rights and the way undocumented immigrants will probably be counted within the 2020 census.

All advised, the following few months may redefine the Roberts courtroom within the American eye and form public expectations of the justices within the years to return.

“If the Supreme Court docket will get concerned within the election,” mentioned Yale legislation professor Cristina Rodriguez, “that might have long run repercussions for the courtroom, and I believe Roberts will probably be very conscious of that.”

The Supreme Court hasn't been this conservative since the 1930s

Rodriguez recalled the late Justice John Paul Stevens’ admonition, in dissent, throughout the dispute between George W. Bush and Al Gore that, “Though we could by no means know with full certainty the id of the winner of this yr’s Presidential election, the id of the loser is completely clear. It’s the Nation’s confidence within the decide as an neutral guardian of the rule of legislation.”

Added Rodriguez, evaluating 2000 and in the present day: “This election is far greater stakes.”

Much less room to maneuver within the center

Within the final time period, Roberts, a 2005 appointee of President Bush, exerted unprecedented management. He steered the bulk in disputes over abortion rights, immigration and subpoenas for Trump’s monetary paperwork.

Roberts, on the time a vital fifth vote for the right-wing, additionally deterred his colleagues from taking over new appeals that might result in enlargement of Second Modification particular person gun rights.

However the anticipated addition of sixth conservative Barrett means 5 strong conservatives to Roberts’ proper, for a likelier majority, for instance, to curtail firearm rules. Barrett would be part of fellow conservative Justices Clarence Thomas, Samuel Alito, Neil Gorsuch and Brett Kavanaugh. Remaining liberals are Justices Stephen Breyer, Sonia Sotomayor and Elena Kagan.

20 years of closed-door conversations with Ruth Bader Ginsburg

Roberts may have much less maneuvering room on the heart, to make sure, however he’ll nonetheless have the ability to assign the opinions when he’s within the majority on a case. He can maintain the opinion for himself or give it to a different justice, maybe as some extent of leverage with colleagues relishing the chance to put in writing opinions for the courtroom in necessary circumstances.

He solid the important thing fifth vote in 2012 to uphold the Obamacare legislation that offered insurance coverage protection for thousands and thousands extra Individuals, expanded Medicaid and assured free mammograms, ldl cholesterol checks and contraception. The legislation additionally prevents insurers from denying protection to individuals based mostly on pre-existing circumstances similar to most cancers and diabetes.

The present case, introduced by Texas and different Republican-led states and backed by the Trump administration, makes an attempt to invalidate all the legislation. They assert that the act’s particular person insurance coverage mandate, tied to a tax that Congress zeroed-out in 2017, is now unconstitutional and that all the legislation should fall with it.

The future of Obamacare is at risk again. Here's what's at stake

Roberts has confronted ongoing fury from Trump and a few Republicans for his earlier well being care votes, in 2012 and a separate 2015 dispute. He infuriated the identical crowd final time period when he solid the decisive vote, with the 4 liberals (together with Ginsburg) to protect an Obama-era program that protects younger immigrants who got here to the US with out correct papers.

A yr earlier, he voted with the identical 4 liberals to dam a citizenship query on the 2020 census. In a brand new census battle, the Trump administration has appealed to the excessive courtroom to let it exclude undocumented immigrants from being counted for the re-allocation of congressional seats within the 50 states subsequent yr.

Roberts, to be clear, is not any liberal. He has been a typically dependable conservative, most notably on problems with voting rights, racial treatments and marketing campaign finance. However greater than anybody within the conservative bloc, he has labored to reduce partisan divisions.

EXCLUSIVE: Inside the Supreme Court's internal deliberations over Trump's taxes

Trump, who has lengthy condemned Roberts for his 2012 Obamacare vote, has continued to rail in opposition to his rulings. After the choice rejecting Trump’s try to rescind the Deferred Motion for Childhood Arrivals, usually referred to as the “Dreamers” program, Trump mentioned on Twitter June 18: “Do you get the impression that the Supreme Court docket would not like me?”

The leaders of the chief and judicial branches tangled most visibly in November 2018.

After Trump derided a federal district courtroom decide who dominated in opposition to the administration as “an Obama decide,” Roberts put out an announcement that mentioned: “We wouldn’t have Obama judges or Trump judges, Bush judges or Clinton judges. What we’ve got is a unprecedented group of devoted judges doing their stage greatest to do equal proper to these showing earlier than them.”

Trump fired again, “Sorry Chief Justice John Roberts, however you do certainly have ‘Obama judges,’ they usually have a a lot completely different perspective than the people who find themselves charged with the security of our nation.”

Bush v. Gore redux?

The final word Trump-related problem may include litigation associated to the presidential election, maybe over methods to tally sure absentee ballots or state leeway for assembly federal deadlines to show over last electoral faculty counts to Congress.

Talking of the presidential contest final month, Trump mentioned, “I believe this can find yourself on the Supreme Court docket. And I believe it is crucial that we’ve got 9 justices.” He has signaled he believes the addition of Barrett, who could be his third excessive courtroom appointee, would assist his aspect — if it got here to that.

EXCLUSIVE: How Brett Kavanaugh tried to sidestep abortion and Trump financial docs cases

Roberts, as an legal professional in personal apply in 2000, assisted former Texas Gov. Bush’s authorized workforce within the election controversy in opposition to then Vice President Gore. The Supreme Court docket’s 5-Four resolution on December 12 ended Florida recounts and ensured Bush gained the White Home.

Roberts would concentrate on how a lot the 36-day ordeal divided the nation, and that in the present day’s political ambiance is extra fraught. If such an election battle had been to achieve the justices, it might be much more prone to undermine the integrity of the excessive courtroom.

“If the courtroom finally ends up taking part in a decisive function, it is nearly inevitable that the shedding aspect will view the courtroom as a partisan participant,” mentioned New York College legislation professor Richard Pildes, a CNN election legislation analyst. “This can be a very delicate second for the courtroom and Chief Justice Roberts.”


Meryl Streep learn a poem from John Lithgow’s ‘Trumpty Dumpty’ e book


The Late Show with Stephen Colbert and John Lithgow during Wednesday's September 30, 2020 show. Photo: Best Possible Screen Grab/CBS 2020 CBS Broadcasting Inc. All Rights Reserved.
The actor had satisfied his pal Meryl Streep to learn from his e book, “Trumpty Dumpty Wished A Crown: Verses For A Despotic Age,” and naturally the Oscar winner didn’t disappoint.

Streep learn Lithgow’s “The Toreys, often known as “The Tiger King,” to the digital camera, and introduced full drama to the story of a political occasion that permits a tiger, who turns into king however at an incredible price.

Moreover Streep, Lithgow has enlisted a variety of well-known mates to learn from the e book in what has develop into a digital e book tour. Samuel L. Jackson, Joseph Gordon-Levitt, Glenn Shut and Whoopi Goldberg have all participated.


Chrissy Teigen and John Legend converse of ‘deep ache’ of shedding child


Chrissy Teigen and John Legend in 2019Picture copyright
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Chrissy Teigen and John Legend in 2019

Chrissy Teigen and husband John Legend have stated they’re in “deep ache” after shedding their child throughout being pregnant.

“We’re shocked and within the form of deep ache you solely hear about, the form of ache we have by no means felt earlier than,” she wrote in a transferring Instagram assertion.

Her put up was accompanied by a number of black and white photographs, together with considered one of her crying in her hospital mattress.

Mannequin Teigen and singer Legend have two youngsters, and in mid-August revealed they had been anticipating a 3rd.

In her newest put up, Teigen revealed the Los Angeles-based couple had been planning to name the infant Jack.

“We by no means resolve on our infants’ names till the final doable second after they’re born, simply earlier than we go away the hospital,” she wrote.

“However we, for some purpose, had began to name this little man in my stomach Jack. Jack labored so arduous to be part of our little household, and he will likely be, eternally.

“I am so sorry that the primary few moments of your life had been met with so many issues, that we could not provide the house you wanted to outlive. We’ll all the time love you.”

Retweeting her, Legend added “We love you, Jack” alongside 5 black love hearts.

Teigen later added: “Driving house from the hospital with no child. How can this be actual.”

Info about being pregnant loss

  • Within the UK, one in 4 pregnancies ends in miscarriage – with most taking place early earlier than 12 weeks
  • Miscarriage is the lack of a being pregnant throughout the first 23 weeks
  • About one in 250 births is a stillbirth, when a child is born lifeless after 24 weeks
  • There are 250,000 miscarriages and three,000 stillbirths yearly, in line with the charity Tommy’s

Get info and assist at BBC Motion Line

Teigen, who can also be a TV presenter, had been documenting her being pregnant on social media. She was taken to hospital on Sunday because of extreme bleeding however had reassured followers she and the infant had been wholesome.

In her newest put up, nevertheless, she revealed that “we had been by no means in a position to cease the bleeding and provides our child the fluids he wanted”.

Teigen thanked her followers for his or her “optimistic vitality, ideas and prayers” and expressed gratitude for the “superb” life she loved together with her household.

“However on a regular basis cannot be filled with sunshine,” she continued. “On this darkest of days, we are going to grieve, we are going to cry our eyes out. However we are going to hug and love one another more durable and get by way of it.”

  • What to say to somebody who’s misplaced a child

Legend, 41, is a a number of Grammy-winning artist whose 2013 observe All of Me – a music he devoted to his spouse – spent 92 weeks within the UK singles chart.

His parallel careers in movie, music and TV work have seen him turn out to be an EGOT – considered one of solely 16 individuals who’ve gained a aggressive Emmy, Grammy, Oscar and Tony award.

‘Large digital hug of affection’

The couple had been flooded with messages of condolence and assist on social media, with many praising their power for sharing their grief and a few recounting their very own experiences of loss.

“I do know many different ladies like me who even have skilled miscarriage respect your sharing your story to assist demystify this all too frequent incidence,” wrote one Twitter consumer.

One other wrote: “We misplaced twins at 20 weeks and your bravery for sharing this could hopefully sluggish folks to know they aren’t alone. Thanks.”

Kim Kardashian West was among the many celebrities who despatched messages, writing: “We’re all the time right here for you and love you guys a lot.”

Actress Viola Davis despatched a “huge digital hug of affection, love, love”, whereas socialite Paris Hilton stated she was “so sorry in your loss”.

Actress Gabrielle Union added: “We love you guys a lot and we will likely be right here for no matter yall want. All the time.”

Observe us on Fb, or on Twitter @BBCNewsEnts. You probably have a narrative suggestion electronic mail


Georgia voters head to the polls for particular election to fill John Lewis?s seat ? briefly


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‘John Lewis: Good Bother:’ Six life classes from a civil rights legend


“I felt like we have been at risk of form of canonizing the congressman, and forgetting that he is a flesh-and-blood human being,” mentioned Porter. “As a result of for those who say that he is a deity, you then and I feel, ‘Properly, I am not that and there is not any room for me right here. There’s nothing I can take from this life besides to admire it.'”

The result’s a movie that mixes uncommon archival footage with extra modern marketing campaign path speeches, alongside scenes of the congressman cracking jokes about his chickens and sheepishly admitting that his dwelling is not fairly as tidy as he’d like because the cameras head inside.

“I needed to make John Lewis a dwelling, respiration one who is just not at all times giving motivational speeches on a bridge however can be dancing and listening to music and telling jokes,” Porter continued.

And slightly than be intimidated by the magnitude of all that Lewis has finished, we may have a look at his instance and ask, “What does this imply for my life?” she continued. “What can I do? I’ve the identical targets of peace, of prosperity, of equality; what’s my contribution to the attainment of these targets?”

Dawn Porter, director of "John Lewis: Good Trouble."

We spoke with Porter about working with Lewis, and in the middle of that dialog she shared contemporary perception into Lewis’ philosophies and approaches to a life nicely led. Listed here are six of these classes:

1. All the time do what you’ll be able to, irrespective of how small

There have been moments throughout filmmaking when Porter would flip to Lewis and admit {that a} new headline or story had left her shaken.

And whereas Lewis might have shared her considerations, “His strategy was to begin specializing in what he wanted to do,” Porter mentioned. “I observed that he at all times, when confronted with any downside, he would not simply shake his head and say, ‘That was such a disgrace.’ He would at all times take into consideration what he may do slightly than specializing in what he could not do — even when what (he) may do is small. It was such a special orientation.”

Ultimately, this behavior of taking motion, irrespective of how seemingly insignificant, left Porter feeling empowered.

“There’s at all times one thing you are able to do,” she continued. “And for those who put your power in direction of specializing in that, it is much more productive than specializing in all of the issues which you can’t do.”

2. Be ready to be persistent

Lewis, Porter noticed, wasn’t one to search for speedy gratification. “He was trying to a long-term, systemic change,” she mentioned. It is about “adjusting the expectation each to what’s sensible, however then having imaginative and prescient for what is feasible going ahead. … That is why you see a John Lewis who can introduce the laws to place the African American Historical past Museum on the (Nationwide) Mall yearly for over a decade.”

Lewis was somebody who was expert at holding each concepts directly, Porter added. “He was in a position to say, ‘That is what I must do tomorrow, and this 20 years from now’s what I hope has occurred. (And) I’ll deal with each issues on the identical time; I am maintaining that long-term imaginative and prescient, however I am not dropping sight of what I must do (short-term).”

3. Discover your pleasure, and maintain onto it for steadiness

Whereas John Lewis “lived for making a distinction,” Porter mentioned, he additionally “lived to dwell.”

You may see that, for instance, in his unbelievable artwork assortment within the movie. “That is having a full life; that is what being free is,” Porter continued. “Freedom to pursue all of these issues — artwork and music and poetry — and all of that, to me, is what actual freedom is. And I feel he attained that. And I feel in consequence he was only a very robust, calm, assured particular person in a really grounded manner.”

Lewis, the director mentioned of their time spent collectively, “was actually dwelling his finest life. You recognize, he was doing what he was imagined to do; he beloved going to Costco. He beloved going to have a look at antiques, he beloved his little chickens.”

Watching Lewis commit himself to his life’s work whereas additionally discovering time for private pursuits “made as a lot of an impression on me as something that he actually labored on,” Porter mentioned. “There have been so many various components of his life — not every little thing was good, however you can inform he was placing the hassle into the issues he cared about.

“I feel our issues are so giant that they will swallow (up) the individuals who try to assist,” she added. “And I feel John Lewis fairly efficiently resisted, you realize, being swallowed up that manner. I feel he carved out a personal house that was very satisfying.”

4. Embrace your beginnings

Spending time with Lewis as he engaged with constituents and attendees at occasions, Porter took word of how he embraced his background as a sharecropper’s son.

“Some folks may be ashamed of coming from actually what has an impoverished background, and a few folks may simply use it for political expedience,” Porter mentioned. However Lewis noticed it as a approach to join — he “reveled in speaking about that shared expertise,” the director noticed. “He by no means needed to neglect it. He by no means needed to depart it behind. He needed it to be entrance and middle in folks’s understanding of him.”

Porter sought methods to replicate that sensibility within the movie’s rating. She turned to composer Tamar-kali, a Black American girl with Southern roots, to craft what Porter calls a “trendy religious, as a result of it felt like Lewis related the previous and the current. He actually at all times introduced up the previous in a approach to honor it, and I needed to attract that connection musically.”

Tamar-kali nailed it, the director continued; all through the movie, “it felt like, if John Lewis have been a tune, that is what he could be,” she mentioned.

5. Do not let your circumstances restrict your creativeness

Reflecting on Lewis’ upbringing, Porter mentioned that was one other supply of inspiration for her. “Throughout that point, when he was having these experiences, once you would not blame him for simply excited about whether or not he was going to get sufficient to eat, he was excited about freedom with a capital F,” she remarked. “That is additionally why I have fun (Lewis); he by no means let the circumstance restrict his creativeness. …. This man got here from strolling up and down within the sizzling solar, (with) blisters and, you realize, choosing sufficient in order that they might do the subsistence dwelling, to writing the legal guidelines of America.”

6. Relentless optimism

After spending a yr with Lewis filming in a number of places, Porter mentioned she remembers clearly how Lewis was “simply relentlessly optimistic” wherever they occurred to be, and it left a everlasting impression.

“I felt that very acutely whereas we have been engaged on the film after which after he is handed,” she mentioned. “And I assumed if John Lewis, with what he is skilled and what he is seen and what he is labored on, will be optimistic, I can do this, too.”


John Adams, Thomas Jefferson clashed over Supreme Court docket Chief Justice John Marshall


Federalists urged the president to discover a substitute earlier than Jefferson took workplace on March 4, 1801.

In late January of 1801, Adams stuffed the emptiness by appointing Secretary of State John Marshall as the brand new chief justice.

President-elect Jefferson, who despised Marshall, was livid. To open a seat on the excessive court docket, Jefferson quickly pushed for the impeachment of Justice Samuel Chase, whom he additionally wasn’t loopy about.

Greater than two centuries later, the nation is consumed by one other combat over the excessive court docket as President Trump rushes to fill the seat of Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, who died final week at 87. Democrats argue the Supreme Court docket selection needs to be left as much as the president who’s elected Nov. 3, however are powerless to cease the Republican-controlled Senate from confirming Trump’s nominee.

Adams had simply moved into the newly accomplished White Home, then often called the President’s Home, when Ellsworth introduced his retirement.

After contemplating a number of candidates to switch him, Adams met in January of 1801 with Marshall to debate choices. Abruptly, Adams declared, “I imagine I have to nominate you.”

Marshall later mentioned he was “happy in addition to stunned,” and that he “bowed in silence” as he left. The Federalist-controlled Senate confirmed Marshall every week later.

The Federalists additionally voted to scale back the variety of Supreme Court docket seats to 5 from six when the subsequent emptiness occurred so Jefferson couldn’t appoint anybody. They pushed via the Judiciary Act of 1801 so as to add 16 circuit court docket judges and different judicial appointees, all with lifetime phrases. The motion was “conceived both in folly or in petulance and malice” one Philadelphia newspaper mentioned.

Adams had 19 days to nominate and fee the brand new judges. Marshall, who nonetheless was the performing secretary of state, was reportedly signing judicial commissions in his workplace at midnight earlier than Jefferson’s inauguration the subsequent day. Jefferson’s designated legal professional normal burst into the room and declared that the brand new president had ordered him “to take possession of this workplace and its papers.”

Some historians doubt the story is true, however the Adams appointees did develop into often called the “midnight judges.”

Jefferson charged that the judiciary act was ”a parasitical plant engrafted” on the “judicial physique” as a last-ditch effort to thwart him. However, he wrote to James Madison, “It’s troublesome to undo what is finished.”

As for the Supreme Court docket appointment, there wasn’t any love misplaced between Marshall and Jefferson, though they have been cousins. Marshall, who had fought within the Revolutionary Battle, believed Jefferson had dodged navy fight. Jefferson’s political beliefs additionally made him “unfit” for the presidency, Marshall wrote Alexander Hamilton in early 1801.

Jefferson charged that Marshall’s staunch Federalist views have been anti-democratic. In a letter to Madison, Jefferson complained about Marshall’s “profound hypocrisy.” However there was nothing he might do in regards to the chief justice, who had a lifetime appointment. He nonetheless had Marshall swear him in as president.

After Jefferson’s Democratic-Republicans took management of Congress, they wasted little time in undoing a few of Adams’s actions. They handed the Judiciary Act of 1802, which repealed the Judiciary Act of 1801, eliminating the brand new judges. Then Jefferson noticed a chance to seize a seat on the Supreme Court docket.

In 1803, Chase, whereas presiding over a circuit court docket case in Baltimore, blasted Jefferson’s celebration for repealing the 1801 judiciary regulation. He advised a grand jury that America risked sinking right into a “mobocracy, the worst type of all authorities.”

Jefferson and others thought of the ill-tempered Chase, who was a signer of the Declaration of Independence, to be a dictatorial jurist who blatantly inserted his Federalist politics into his selections. Jefferson wrote to a lawmaker. “Ought the seditious and official assault on the rules of our Structure … to go unpunished?”

Virginia Rep. John Randolph led impeachment fees in opposition to Chase in early 1804, declaring he would wipe the ground with the obnoxious justice. In March of 1804, the Home impeached Chase on fees of “arbitrary, oppressive and unjust” conduct.

The Senate trial started that November. Presiding was Vice President Aaron Burr, nonetheless going through doable homicide fees for lately killing Hamilton in a duel. Although Jefferson’s celebration held the bulk, in early 1805 the Senate acquitted Chase.

Jefferson responded that “Impeachment is a farce which won’t be tried once more.” Chase is the one justice ever to be impeached.

Meantime, Jefferson gained approval to revive the sixth seat to the excessive court docket and add a seventh. He ended up appointing three justices by the point he left workplace in 1809. By then, Marshall had develop into an imposing authorized pressure.

In 1803, William Marbury, a justice of the peace who had misplaced his appointment when Congress canceled the brand new judgeships, petitioned the Supreme Court docket to pressure Secretary of State Madison to provide him his fee. He didn’t get it. However Marshall used the case to write down his landmark Marbury v. Madison opinion that established the precept of judicial assessment of legal guidelines handed by Congress.

Marshall went on to serve 34 years, the longest tenure of any chief justice. He died in 1835 on the age of 79.

Adams as soon as wrote: “The proudest act of my life was the reward of John Marshall to the folks of america.”


New York Instances: John Durham has turned consideration to FBI’s investigation into Clinton Basis


Citing individuals aware of the matter, the Instances reported Thursday that Durham has pursued paperwork and interviews about how federal authorities dealt with a probe into allegations of corruption on the charity of Invoice and Hillary Clinton.
Durham was tapped by Barr final 12 months to look at the origins of the FBI’s 2016 investigation into Russia and the Trump marketing campaign, however Thursday’s report from the Instances suggests the scope of Durham’s investigation is broader.

In response to the Instances, Durham’s staff advised to others that they are whether or not the investigators within the Russia probe flouted legal guidelines or insurance policies — and that they had been evaluating the FBI Russia probe to the Clinton Basis investigation.

The Instances famous that it is unclear if Durham’s staff was searching for comparable violations within the FBI’s Clinton Basis investigation. The newspaper additionally mentioned it was not clear whether or not the comparability between the 2 FBI investigations would weigh into the end result of Durham’s inquiry for Barr.

Former regulation enforcement officers declined to debate the charity investigation with Durham’s staff, as a result of they seen it as extremely uncommon, in line with the Instances.

A spokesman for Durham declined to remark to the Instances.

The Clinton Basis advised the Instances in a press release that it has been “usually been subjected to baseless, politically motivated allegations, and time after time these allegations have been confirmed false.”

Forward of the 2016 election, FBI brokers from 4 subject places of work had opened preliminary inquiries into whether or not there had been any impropriety within the Clinton Basis’s dealings with donors.

They sought to get permission to formally conduct investigations, together with the flexibility to subpoena data, inflicting tensions throughout the bureau and the Justice Division, CNN beforehand reported.

Justice officers declined to present the authorization for overt investigative methods, citing a scarcity of adequate proof and considerations in regards to the shut proximity to the election, CNN reported on the time.

CNN reported in 2018 that the FBI and federal prosecutors started actively investigating whether or not Clinton Basis donors had been improperly promised coverage favors or particular entry to Hillary Clinton whereas she was secretary of state in change for donations to the charity, in addition to whether or not tax-exempt funds had been misused.

The Instances reported that the charity was served in 2018 with a grand jury subpoena for basis data and compiled.

President Donald Trump and Republicans have accused the Clinton Basis of being a corrupt and opaque establishment, whereas the muse has all the time rejected the “pay-for-play” accusations.

Congressional Democrats have raised considerations over Durham’s investigation, questioning whether or not it is being misused for political functions.

CNN’s Laura Jarrett, Evan Perez and Nicole Gaouette contributed to this report.


The Church Of St. John Coltrane Has Preached Jazz Gospel For 50 Years : NPR


Archbishop Franzo King who, along with his spouse Marina, co-founded the St. John Will-I-Am Coltrane African Orthodox Church, in a portrait shot in Jan. 2020.

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Archbishop Franzo King who, along with his spouse Marina, co-founded the St. John Will-I-Am Coltrane African Orthodox Church, in a portrait shot in Jan. 2020.

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At present marks what would have been jazz big John Coltrane’s 94th birthday. Two years earlier than his premature loss of life from liver most cancers in 1967, a younger San Francisco couple heard him play — and their expertise was actually non secular.

They based a religious group impressed by his music and 50 years later, they’re nonetheless preaching that gospel on the Coltrane Church in San Francisco.

Franzo and Marina King had been already jazz followers on the evening that modified their lives. This was again when San Francisco was the Harlem of the West, and the Fillmore District was filled with locations to listen to jazz. On the couple’s first wedding ceremony anniversary, in 1965, they went to listen to John Coltrane play.

They managed to get seats within the entrance row. And that evening, they are saying, the Holy Spirit walked out with Coltrane onto the stage of the Jazz Workshop.

“I believe we had been each slain within the spirit,” Franzo King recollects. “It was like getting caught up in a rainstorm. And we did not know if it was going to deliver a flood or flowers.”

Each Franzo and Marina got here from religious households. Franzo’s mom was a Pentecostal minister. Marina’s household was deeply rooted within the Episcopal Church. (Marina additionally may lay declare to a jazz lineage: her father was a trumpeter, and her uncle, Fred Robinson, was a trombonist who performed with Louis Armstrong on a few of his Scorching 5 recordings, together with on the seminal “West Finish Blues.”)

On that evening in San Francisco, the Kings say, they skilled an awakening, because of Coltrane’s horn. They name it their “sound baptism.”

John Coltrane grew to become their Christ, their God. His 1965 album A Love Supreme grew to become their central textual content, and “Coltrane consciousness” grew to become their tenet.

The Kings noticed the Holy Trinity — Father, Son and Holy Spirit — within the titles of the primary three sections of A Love Supreme: “Acknowledgement,” “Decision” and “Pursuance.” And so they perceived the Trinity within the three constructing blocks of Western music: melody, concord and rhythm.

This was additionally the 1960s — and it was San Francisco. In that cultural crucible, they solid a fluid spirituality. They practiced japa, writing sacred phrases again and again as a way of meditation within the Hindu custom. They pored over the teachings of Hazrat Inayat Khan, a Sufi Muslim mystic. They fasted and prayed for lengthy intervals. “Once we first began out, our faith was Haqqism,” King says. “Haqq is Arabic for ‘reality.’ ‘Ism’ places it into follow. That was our faith. The reality is above labels.”

However lately, when King preaches at a joyous Sunday morning service, it is with the cadences of his Pentecostal background.

“I would not have identified who John Coltrane was if I hadn’t had that Holy Ghost expertise within the Pentecostal church,” King tells his congregation. “And I might be remiss as we give because of God for John Coltrane to not do what he did, and level us to Christ, who factors us to God, who factors us into the Oneness of this universe.”

Byzantine-style icons, together with ones of John Coltrane, the Virgin Mary and Jesus on the Coltrane-devoted church.

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The Kings’ love of jazz fed their perception system. Franzo King compares one other nice saxophonist — Charlie Parker, who was barely older than Coltrane — to John the Baptist.

Calling Parker by his nickname, he says, “After I heard Fowl do ‘Laura’ with strings, I cried. I wept. Fowl ready our hearts and our minds for the approaching of this man that they name John [Coltrane]. Fowl revolutionized the music, proper? However he additionally opened up our hearts. ‘Now’s the Time’ is greater than the title of a tune.” (Early iterations of their group’s identify included the Yardbird Membership — an underground, after-hours jazz membership the Kings based — and, extra spiritually, the Yardbird Temple after which the Yardbird Vanguard Revolutionary Church of the Hour.)

Marina — who now goes by Supreme Mom Reverend Marina —- says that from the start, their message was additionally about social activism.

“We began feeding the folks,” she says. “We knew that to be proper with God was to be proper with the folks. And so we started free vegetarian meals, hatha yoga, counseling. Sisters would come collectively, making quilts and baking bread, and giving it out free.”

And as a Black couple, they had been making their very own group within the midst of difficult circumstances. “It was a time of nice civil unrest,” Marina King continues. “It was the 1960s, 70s. Racism was rampant, police brutality. We had been younger — we needed to make some adjustments in these areas. And John Coltrane’s music gave us that religious power that we would have liked, that platform that we would have liked, that encouragement, the teachings that we would have liked.”

Supreme Mom Rev. Marina King, being interviewed at her church in Jan. 2020.

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The Kings finally met Coltrane’s widow — the musician Alice Coltrane. They got here to treat her as their guru and have become members of Alice Coltrane’s personal non secular group, the Vedantic Middle, which was primarily based on her interpretation of Hindu beliefs. The Kings even recorded Hindu devotional songs together with her.

However that oneness started to unravel; there have been theological splinters. In 1981, Coltrane sued the Kings for utilizing her late husband’s identify and likeness. The lawsuit was later dropped. However the publicity spurred an invite to the Kings church to hitch the African Orthodox Church (AOC), a denomination of principally Black American adherents that was based within the early 20th century by Black Episcopalians who had been delay by racism within the dominant church.

As a situation of becoming a member of the AOC, the Kings needed to scale back John Coltrane’s rank from God incarnate to patron saint. Franzo King — now referred to as Archbishop F.W. King — agreed.

In September 1982, Coltrane was formally canonized as a saint by the AOC. However in speaking to the clerics on the Coltrane church lately, you hear a panoply of views.

“We acknowledge that John Coltrane is a saint, as a result of we’ve got been born anew within the spirit of the Lord, and baptized in that anointed sound,” Archbishop King says. “We do not worship him, and we do not exalt him. We acknowledge him. After I grew up in that sanctified [Pentecostal] church, all people that had been saved is what we might name sanctified, full of the Holy Ghost. The Pentecostal church wasn’t ready on a bunch of Roman cardinals to get collectively and rely miracles.”

A Byzantine-style icon of John Coltrane on the church. The inscription to the left and proper of Coltrane’s physique reads, in Greek, “St. John.”

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The Kings’ daughter, Rev. Wanika Stephens, says, “We have a look at Jesus’ life and the way he lived it as an uncompromising revolutionary, talking reality to energy and giving his life finally for the liberty of humanity. John Coltrane, in so some ways, was an expression of that very same spirit and evolutionary transcendent expression of the spirit that we see in Jesus Christ.”

Rev. Stephens says that, for her mother and father, Coltrane was a vessel. “His life allowed younger folks like Archbishop King and Reverend Mom Marina to see the spirit of Christ in one other method,” she continues, “to see reality coming from one thing that appeared like them, one thing that spoke to them of their language.” Jazz was that language.

Father Max Haqq joined the congregation in 1991, first as a jazz fan earlier than changing into a deacon and finally a priest. “John Coltrane is a channel and a medium for me,” he says. “I see John Coltrane as an angel. Elvin Jones referred to as him an angel. And my feeling is that if anyone would know, Elvin Jones would know. For us, he is greater than a saint.”

Each week, guests from all types of backgrounds and around the globe come to worship providers, which embrace a month-to-month guided meditation by way of A Love Supreme and weekly Lots that characteristic mid-service jazz jams.

At present, the Coltrane church is named the St. John Will-I-Am Coltrane African Orthodox Church. It holds its providers at St. Cyprian’s Episcopal Church in San Francisco’s Western Addition neighborhood — after years of shifting from storefront to storefront, pushed out repeatedly by gentrification.

Rev. Stephens, who serves because the church’s pastor, says their monetary struggles mirror these of Black San Francisco.

“It is a lonely feeling as a result of the folks that you just used to know for essentially the most half should not right here. They’re simply gone, they cannot afford to reside right here. I do not even understand how I am nonetheless right here, actually,” she says ruefully.

Even going through these fixed challenges, the Church of St. John Coltrane troopers on, 5 many years after its founding — persevering with to share its beliefs and unfold the message of that love supreme to all who will hear.


Violinist Lara St. John Vindicated By Curtis Institute Intercourse Abuse Investigation : NPR


An undated portrait of the violinist Lara St. John.

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An undated portrait of the violinist Lara St. John.

Martin Kennedy/Courtesy of the artist

About 35 years in the past, violinist Lara St. John — then simply 15 years previous — went with two pals to the dean of the college she attended, Philadelphia’s Curtis Institute of Music, to say that her personal instructor, the famed violin pedagogue Jascha Brodsky, had sexually abused her on a number of events.

The then-dean, Robert Fitzpatrick, brushed her off. Over the following three many years, St. John, now 49, went again many times to Curtis officers — six occasions in all — between 1986 and 2019, asking that her allegations be heard and acknowledged. They by no means had been in any substantial method — till her account was corroborated and printed by the Philadelphia Inquirer final summer time.

In that investigative story, St. John mentioned that Brodsky, who died in 1997, had repeatedly abused her over six months, starting with inappropriate touching and ending in rape.

St. John additionally informed the Inquirer that not solely had Fitzpatrick not taken her allegations significantly, however that he informed her: “Oh, for God’s sake, who do you suppose they’ll imagine? Some 15-year-old child or somebody who has been right here for many years?”

Within the aftermath of the Inquirer story’s publication, Curtis officers despatched out an e-mail to alumni requesting that they chorus from any public discussions of her accusations.

On Tuesday night, nonetheless, Curtis’ board of trustees launched the total report of an impartial investigation performed by the regulation agency Cozen O’Connor, which Curtis employed final November. The investigators discovered St. John’s story to be credible.

On Wednesday afternoon, St. John informed NPR in a Fb message: “I am very grateful to Cozen O’Connor for his or her in-depth report. It’s, after all, satisfying to me that Curtis has lastly admitted to many years of wrongdoing, to me and others, nevertheless it took me 35 years. I got here ahead to them many times, and even final summer time when it went public due to the Inquirer, they tried to silence their alumni. It took me holding their ft to the hearth publicly for them to even deign to fee this exterior report. So, a victory, sure, hopefully for the generations to come back, however for me, a bit Pyrrhic.”

In a press release accompanying the publication of the investigators’ report, the Curtis board mentioned: “The board acknowledges and profoundly regrets the incalculable bodily and emotional toll that Ms. St. John suffered on account of her Curtis expertise. Because the report makes clear, at a number of factors alongside the street of her harrowing journey, Ms. St. John offered alternatives for Curtis and its leaders to reply meaningfully and supply her with help and an opportunity to assist in her therapeutic. However in every occasion the college fell brief in its makes an attempt to reply to her considerations and as a substitute strengthened the notion that it didn’t care about what occurred to her.”

The college pledges that’s taking a number of steps to make sure its college students’ well-being, together with providing them entry to counseling, hiring an outdoor hotline for college kids and workers to report sexual abuse; hiring a Title IX coordinator; and increasing an present fund “in recognition of the extraordinary braveness demonstrated by Lara St. John” to assist “younger alumni who could also be experiencing obstacles of any type within the pursuit of their musical careers.”

St. John’s story is probably the most public. However the report additionally delineates separate accusations of sexual, emotional and verbal abuse made by 20 different college students between the 1960s and the 2010s. These weren’t corroborated by investigators, however the report says, “They supply perception into the tradition and local weather at Curtis because it pertains to the facility differential between a significant school [member] and a scholar.”

Many individuals, even voracious classical music followers, have by no means heard of Curtis; it does not have the identify recognition of different establishments, like The Juilliard College.

However amongst classical music performers, Curtis is known — and legendarily exhausting to get into. Solely about 5% of candidates are admitted every year — at any given time, the coed physique is just about 175 college students in all. Its alumni embrace such world-famous artists as composers Samuel Barber and Leonard Bernstein; pianists Lang Lang and Yuja Wang; and violinist Hilary Hahn, amongst many others. Furthermore, tuition is free for all college students, making learning there much more of an interesting proposition.

Even in such a high-stakes setting, Curtis appears to have added extra stresses to the burdens of its younger college students. The report itself states, “College students remained at Curtis on the discretion of their main instrument instructor” and, furthermore, that there was a “actual menace that [a student] could possibly be dismissed for any motive at any time.”

Of their report, the Cozen O’Connor investigators wrote that St. John reported that when she tried to carry Brodsky off, Brodsky “threatened to have her and her brother [Scott, another violin student at the school at the time] expelled from Curtis.”

St. John was assigned to a unique personal instructor. She struggled at Curtis, and ultimately tried suicide in her third 12 months. She wound up leaving the college at age 17.

The investigators report that Brodsky was “admonished” by Fitzpatrick and Gary Graffman, the college’s then-artistic director (and a notable pianist and instructor in his personal proper), however Brodsky remained educating on the college till shortly earlier than his dying.

Graffman informed investigators that his response would have been completely different if he had realized that St. John’s accusations included rape, but additionally that it was “a unique period.”


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