Faculties and universities have lengthy “entrusted” the Faculty Board and Act Inc., which personal the SAT and ACT exams, respectively, “with the authority of serving as a third-party certifier of scholars’ qualification for admission,” the report says.
However as extra and completely different teams of scholars have sought to enter faculty and take these exams, the “testing companies haven’t been ready to make sure that the entry to and availability of check administrations, the standard of the testing expertise, and the integrity and validity of check scores are preserved persistently.”
It additionally says the “check prep” trade as soon as “scorned” by the testing companies has grow to be a billion-dollar enterprise and is “creating added fairness challenges and calling into query the reliability of check scores as true measures of scholar talents.”
Because the pandemic started early this yr, many establishments of upper training have mentioned they might not require an SAT or ACT for college students making use of to enter in fall 2021 — and a few introduced multiyear pilot applications.
Even earlier than the pandemic there had been a robust test-optional motion however this yr noticed an unprecedented surge of colleges suspending the requirement because the Faculty Board and ACT Inc. have needed to cancel a number of administrations of the exams.
The Nationwide Heart for Truthful and Open Testing (FairTest), a nonprofit group that works to finish the misuse of standardized assessments, has maintained an inventory of schools and universities which have dropped the usage of ACT or SAT scores for admissions over time, and it says there are greater than 1,450 accredited four-year schools (together with for-profit colleges). NACAC put the FairTest listing on its web site.
Analysis has proven over time that standardized check scores are most strongly correlated to socioeconomic elements and aren’t predictive of school success, regardless of counter statements by the Faculty Board and ACT Inc.
The NACAC job power started its work a yr in the past, earlier than the pandemic, however included the results of it on faculty admissions within the remaining report, noting colleges this yr have had an opportunity to mirror on their admissions insurance policies.
“After we emerge from the covid-19 pandemic and associated restrictions, we can’t merely ‘return to regular,’” the report says. “The tenuous grasp we maintain on a lot of our habits and insurance policies has been additional loosened and we should adapt if we’re to proceed to meet our responsibility to the general public good.
“Whereas extra greater training establishments will undoubtedly undertake test-optional admission insurance policies, not all establishments will achieve this. And whereas some establishments have determined to go test-optional because of covid-19 disruptions, this can be a brief shift in coverage. The duty power believes establishments, whatever the faculty admission coverage they select, should carefully look at their strategy in mild of fairness issues.”
The Faculty Board mentioned in an announcement:
“Faculties perceive that because of the pandemic there are restricted alternatives for college students to take a school entrance examination. The Faculty Board has urged schools to be versatile in admissions for the upcoming admissions cycle. In the long term, because the admissions course of is ready to stabilize post-covid-19, we’ll help our greater ed members as they transition again to requiring check scores, or as they implement everlasting new insurance policies. We now have at all times advocated that faculties use check scores in context, as one a part of a holistic admissions course of, to make extra equitable and inclusive admissions choices. We help and encourage schools that need to repeatedly assessment the best way they use check scores and different elements by our validity analysis and our ACES service, instruments which we offer totally free for any faculty.”
The ACT mentioned in an announcement:
“It goes with out saying, covid-19 has created immense challenges for all the academic and faculty admission ecosystem. Particularly, we admire the duty power’s acknowledgement of the labor-intensive operational feat of administering standardized assessments on this setting, whereas defending the security of scholars and employees and the safety of the check. Whereas lots of the claims on this report aren’t supported by longstanding ACT and exterior analysis, we invite an open and trustworthy dialogue with members of the NACAC job power as a subsequent step in our continued collaboration with faculty admissions professionals. Our need is to interact extra carefully with stakeholders who’re concerned within the faculty admission course of, to actually look at the crucial points outlined on this report. Whereas we respect the suitable of establishments to show to check optionally available insurance policies within the short-term, we agree that doing so introduces dangers and issues akin to these articulated by the duty power. The unintended penalties of eradicating a sound and dependable metric just like the ACT from the admissions course of will undoubtedly place new burdens on secondary colleges.”
The report says that among the many issues colleges ought to contemplate to “resolve problems with entry and fairness in admission” are:
- Contemplate the general public good. Contemplate what admission coverage choices imply for greater training typically, and whether or not institutional insurance policies and practices allow extra college students entry to greater training.
- Be student-centered. Provide simplicity and readability in a time of complexity and heightened anxiousness concerning the faculty admission course of. Although the covid-19 pandemic created extra limitations to accessing standardized assessments, sure populations — together with worldwide candidates, who’re crucial to postsecondary establishments — have confronted limitations for many years that may stay, and even be exacerbated, if or when testing returns to pre-covid-19 operations.
- Give attention to scholar success. Evaluation historic institutional information for enrolled college students to find out the elements that contribute to scholar success.
- Be clear and supply clearly said explanations for all choices associated to testing. Share information that has knowledgeable choices, clearly articulate the ensuing choices and justifications, and share information that outcomes from coverage adjustments or continuations. Keep away from ambiguous language.
- Embrace a plan for conducting frequent opinions. Decide to common evaluation of institutional information to tell testing coverage.
- Contemplate unintended penalties. Standardized assessments have served a task within the analysis course of to evaluate cognitive traits of scholars independently of any explicit secondary college curriculum. Exterior assessments could be considered a counterweight to data from secondary colleges which have an curiosity within the consequence of the choice course of. When schools and universities not make the most of SAT or ACT scores, and different measures of educational achievement grow to be extra vital in figuring out who’s admitted, does this place new pressures on secondary colleges?
(This put up has been up to date with remark from Faculty Board and ACT Inc.)
Right here’s the complete report: