Spanish has a Excellent Tense that’s utilized in the identical approach because the English Excellent Tense and means, for example, I’ve danced, she has sung, they’ve eaten. In Spanish, this tense is shaped through the use of the auxiliary verb haber (to have) and the previous participle of your most important verb.
Firstly, it is advisable to conjugate the auxiliary (or, serving to verb) within the current tense.
Haber (an irregular verb)
He – I’ve
Has – you’ve gotten
Ha – he/she has
Hemos – we’ve got
Habeis – you’ve gotten
Han – they’ve
The “previous participle” is kind of simple to make in Spanish. You simply add -ado to the stem of -ar verbs and -ido to the stem of -er and -ir verbs. The stem is the a part of the verb infinitive left after you’ve gotten eliminated its ending of -ar, -er, or -ir.
He hablado con ella – I’ve spoken to her (or, le he hablado)
He llamado a mi hermano – I’ve phoned my sister
He comido la cena – I’ve eaten dinner
Some verbs have irregular previous participles. Listed below are a number of the most helpful ones:
Abrir (to open) – abierto
Decir (to say, inform) – dicho
Devolver (to offer again) – devuelto
Escribir (to write down) – escrito
Freir (to fry) – frito
Hacer (to do, to make) – hecho
Poner (to place) – puesto
Ver (to see) – visto
Volver (to return) – vuelto
For instance: hemos dicho means we’ve got mentioned (or, instructed) and te he escrito means I’ve written to you
TO HAVE JUST in English will be translated into Spanish with out utilizing haber and a previous participle. You employ the verb ACABAR DE within the current tense and the infinitive of your most important verb, as in:
Acabo de llegar – I’ve simply arrived
Mi jefe acaba de llamarme – My boss has simply phoned me
Spanish tenses have patterns and this turns into extra evident as every tense is discovered. Additionally, endings used to type one tense could also be utilized in one other tense. One instance of this seems within the conditional tense (‘would’, ‘may’), the place you’re taking the endings for -er and -ir verbs from the imperfect tense however add them to the verb infinitive as an alternative of to the verb stem.